Simulations of Core-collapse Supernovae in Spatial Axisymmetry with Full Boltzmann Neutrino Transport

Hiroki Nagakura, Wakana Iwakami, Shun Furusawa, Hirotada Okawa, Akira Harada, Kohsuke Sumiyoshi, Shoichi Yamada, Hideo Matsufuru, Akira Imakura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the first results of our spatially axisymmetric core-collapse supernova simulations with full Boltzmann neutrino transport, which amount to a time-dependent five-dimensional (two in space and three in momentum space) problem. Special relativistic effects are fully taken into account with a two-energy-grid technique. We performed two simulations for a progenitor of 11.2 M, employing different nuclear equations of state (EOSs): Lattimer and Swesty's EOS with the incompressibility of K =220 MeV (LS EOS) and Furusawa's EOS based on the relativistic mean field theory with the TM1 parameter set (FS EOS). In the LS EOS, the shock wave reaches ∼700 km at 300 ms after bounce and is still expanding, whereas in the FS EOS it stalled at ∼200 km and has started to recede by the same time. This seems to be due to more vigorous turbulent motions in the former during the entire postbounce phase, which leads to higher neutrino-heating efficiency in the neutrino-driven convection. We also look into the neutrino distributions in momentum space, which is the advantage of the Boltzmann transport over other approximate methods. We find nonaxisymmetric angular distributions with respect to the local radial direction, which also generate off-diagonal components of the Eddington tensor. We find that the rθ component reaches ∼10% of the dominant rr component and, more importantly, it dictates the evolution of lateral neutrino fluxes, dominating over the θθ component, in the semitransparent region. These data will be useful to further test and possibly improve the prescriptions used in the approximate methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume854
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 20

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equation of state
supernovae
equations of state
neutrinos
symmetry
simulation
momentum
incompressibility
relativistic effects
shock wave
shock waves
convection
angular distribution
grids
tensors
heating
energy

Keywords

  • hydrodynamics
  • neutrinos
  • supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Simulations of Core-collapse Supernovae in Spatial Axisymmetry with Full Boltzmann Neutrino Transport. / Nagakura, Hiroki; Iwakami, Wakana; Furusawa, Shun; Okawa, Hirotada; Harada, Akira; Sumiyoshi, Kohsuke; Yamada, Shoichi; Matsufuru, Hideo; Imakura, Akira.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 854, No. 2, 136, 20.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nagakura, Hiroki ; Iwakami, Wakana ; Furusawa, Shun ; Okawa, Hirotada ; Harada, Akira ; Sumiyoshi, Kohsuke ; Yamada, Shoichi ; Matsufuru, Hideo ; Imakura, Akira. / Simulations of Core-collapse Supernovae in Spatial Axisymmetry with Full Boltzmann Neutrino Transport. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 854, No. 2.
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