Simultaneous knee extensor muscle action induces an increase in voluntary force generation of plantar flexor muscles

Takahito Suzuki, Kohei Shioda, Ryuta Kinugasa, Senshi Fukashiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Maximum activation of the plantar flexor muscles is required for various sporting activities that involve simultaneous plantar flexion and knee extension. During a multi-joint movement, activation of the plantar flexor muscles is affected by the activity of the knee extensor muscles. We hypothesized that coactivation of the plantar flexor muscles and knee extensor muscles would result in a higher plantar flexion torque. To test this hypothesis, 8 male volunteers performed maximum voluntary isometric action of the plantar flexor muscles with and without isometric action of the knee extensor muscles. Surface electromyographic data were collected from 8 muscles of the right lower limb. Voluntary activation of the triceps surae muscles, evaluated using the interpolated twitch technique, significantly increased by 6.4 percentage points with intentional knee extensor action (p = 0.0491). This finding is in line with a significant increase in the average rectified value of the electromyographic activity of the vastus lateralis, fibularis longus, and soleus muscles (p = 0.013, 0.010, and 0.045, respectively). The resultant plantar flexion torque also significantly increased by 11.5% of the predetermined maximum (p = 0.031). These results suggest that higher plantar flexor activation coupled with knee extensor activation facilitates force generation during a multi-joint task.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-371
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • coordination
  • electrical stimulation
  • maximum voluntary contraction
  • motor behavior
  • multi-joint exercise
  • quadriceps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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