Simultaneous measurements of aromatic hydrocarbons in exhaust using a laser ionization method

Hiroyuki Yamada, Kentaro Misawa, Masaaki Fujii, Koichi Tanaka, Daisuke Suzuki, Jun Matsumoto, Kotaro Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

A simultaneous multi-composition analyzing (SMCA) resonance enhanced multi-photon ionization (REMPI) system was used to investigate gasoline engine exhaust. Observed peaks for exhaust were smaller mass numbers than those from diesel exhaust. However, large species up to three ring aromatics were observed suggesting that soot precursor forms even in the gasoline engine. At low catalyst temperature condition, the reduction efficiencies of a three-way catalyst were higher for higher mass numbers. This result indicates that the larger species accumulate in the catalyst or elsewhere due to their lower vapor pressures. To evaluate the emission of low volatility species, the accumulation should be taken into account. In the hot mode, reduction efficiencies for aromatic species of three-way catalyst were almost 99.5% however, they fall to 70% in the cold start condition.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSAE Technical Papers
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1
EventSAE 2009 Powertrains Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, FFL 2009 - San Antonio, TX, United States
Duration: 2009 Nov 22009 Nov 2

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Aromatic hydrocarbons
Ionization
Catalysts
Lasers
Gasoline
Exhaust systems (engine)
Soot
Vapor pressure
Photons
Engines
Chemical analysis
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Simultaneous measurements of aromatic hydrocarbons in exhaust using a laser ionization method. / Yamada, Hiroyuki; Misawa, Kentaro; Fujii, Masaaki; Tanaka, Koichi; Suzuki, Daisuke; Matsumoto, Jun; Tanaka, Kotaro.

In: SAE Technical Papers, 01.01.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Yamada, Hiroyuki ; Misawa, Kentaro ; Fujii, Masaaki ; Tanaka, Koichi ; Suzuki, Daisuke ; Matsumoto, Jun ; Tanaka, Kotaro. / Simultaneous measurements of aromatic hydrocarbons in exhaust using a laser ionization method. In: SAE Technical Papers. 2009.
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