Solid-State 31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Interlayer Hydroxide Surfaces of Kaolinite Probed with an Interlayer Triethylphosphine Oxide Monolayer

Shingo Machida, Minoru Sohmiya, Yusuke Ide, Yoshiyuki Sugahara

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The solid acidity of the interlayer aluminol surfaces of kaolinite was explored by solid-state 31P nuclear magnetic resonance with magic angle spinning (MAS) using triethylphosphine oxide (TEPO), which formed a monolayer with a uniform orientation between the layers of kaolinite as a probe molecule. Intercalation of TEPO between the layers of kaolinite was achieved using methoxy-modified kaolinite as an intermediate. The presence of TEPO in the reaction products was revealed by the two signals at 21 and 7 ppm, which were assignable to ethyl groups in TEPO, in the solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance with cross polarization and magic angle spinning techniques (13C CP/MAS NMR). The presence of TEPO between the layers of kaolinite was demonstrated by the expansion of basal spacing from 0.86 nm, the interlayer distance of methoxy-modified kaolinite to 1.16 nm, as shown by the X-ray diffraction patterns, suggesting the formation of a TEPO monolayer between the layers of kaolinite. The formation of hydrogen bonds between the P=O groups of TEPO and the aluminol groups on the interlayer surfaces of kaolinite was also revealed by the appearance of an additional OH stretching band at 3598 cm-1 in the Fourier-transform infrared spectrum and narrow solid-state 31P MAS NMR signals observed at 55-53 ppm which were shifted from the position of the physisorbed TEPO (50 ppm). These results clearly indicate that the solid acidity of interlayer aluminol groups of methoxy-modified kaolinite was probed using an interacted TEPO monolayer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12694-12701
Number of pages8
JournalLangmuir
Volume34
Issue number43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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