Sorption mechanisms of arsenate during coprecipitation with ferrihydrite in aqueous solution

Chiharu Tokoro, Yohei Yatsugi, Hajime Koga, Shuji Owada

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    57 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Dilute arsenate (As(V)) coprecipitation by ferrihydrite was investigated to determine if treatment of acid mine drainage containing dilute As(V) using coprecipitation is feasible. The sorption density obtained at pH 5 and 7 was nearly identical when As(V) was coprecipitated with ferrihydrite, while it was higher at pH 5 when As(V) was adsorbed on the ferrihydrite. The high sorption density of As(V) to ferrihydrite in coprecipitation with 1-h reaction time suggested that coprecipitation occurs via both adsorption and precipitation. Furthermore, the relationship between residual As(V) and sorption density revealed a BET-type isotherm, with a transition point from a low residual As(V) concentration to a high residual As(V) concentration being observed for all initial As(V) concentrations between 0.15 and 0.44 mmol/dm3 when the initial molar ratio was 0.56 at pH 5 and 7. X-ray diffraction and the ζ potential revealed that the transition point from surface complexation to precipitation was obtained when the initial As/Fe ratio was 0.4 or 0.5. When dilute As(V) was coprecipitated with ferrihydrite at pH 5 and 7, it was primarily adsorbed as a surface complex when the initial molar ratio was As/Fe < 0.4, while a ferric arsenate and surface complex was formed when this ratio was ≥ 0.4.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)638-643
    Number of pages6
    JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
    Volume44
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 15

    Fingerprint

    ferrihydrite
    arsenate
    Coprecipitation
    Sorption
    aqueous solution
    sorption
    acid mine drainage
    Complexation
    complexation
    Drainage
    Isotherms
    isotherm
    X-ray diffraction
    arsenic acid
    adsorption
    Adsorption
    X ray diffraction
    Acids

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Environmental Chemistry

    Cite this

    Sorption mechanisms of arsenate during coprecipitation with ferrihydrite in aqueous solution. / Tokoro, Chiharu; Yatsugi, Yohei; Koga, Hajime; Owada, Shuji.

    In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 44, No. 2, 15.01.2010, p. 638-643.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "Dilute arsenate (As(V)) coprecipitation by ferrihydrite was investigated to determine if treatment of acid mine drainage containing dilute As(V) using coprecipitation is feasible. The sorption density obtained at pH 5 and 7 was nearly identical when As(V) was coprecipitated with ferrihydrite, while it was higher at pH 5 when As(V) was adsorbed on the ferrihydrite. The high sorption density of As(V) to ferrihydrite in coprecipitation with 1-h reaction time suggested that coprecipitation occurs via both adsorption and precipitation. Furthermore, the relationship between residual As(V) and sorption density revealed a BET-type isotherm, with a transition point from a low residual As(V) concentration to a high residual As(V) concentration being observed for all initial As(V) concentrations between 0.15 and 0.44 mmol/dm3 when the initial molar ratio was 0.56 at pH 5 and 7. X-ray diffraction and the ζ potential revealed that the transition point from surface complexation to precipitation was obtained when the initial As/Fe ratio was 0.4 or 0.5. When dilute As(V) was coprecipitated with ferrihydrite at pH 5 and 7, it was primarily adsorbed as a surface complex when the initial molar ratio was As/Fe < 0.4, while a ferric arsenate and surface complex was formed when this ratio was ≥ 0.4.",
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