Sorption mechanisms of arsenate during coprecipitation with ferrihydrite in aqueous solution

Chiharu Tokoro, Yohei Yatsugi, Hajime Koga, Shuji Owada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dilute arsenate (As(V)) coprecipitation by ferrihydrite was investigated to determine if treatment of acid mine drainage containing dilute As(V) using coprecipitation is feasible. The sorption density obtained at pH 5 and 7 was nearly identical when As(V) was coprecipitated with ferrihydrite, while it was higher at pH 5 when As(V) was adsorbed on the ferrihydrite. The high sorption density of As(V) to ferrihydrite in coprecipitation with 1-h reaction time suggested that coprecipitation occurs via both adsorption and precipitation. Furthermore, the relationship between residual As(V) and sorption density revealed a BET-type isotherm, with a transition point from a low residual As(V) concentration to a high residual As(V) concentration being observed for all initial As(V) concentrations between 0.15 and 0.44 mmol/dm3 when the initial molar ratio was 0.56 at pH 5 and 7. X-ray diffraction and the ζ potential revealed that the transition point from surface complexation to precipitation was obtained when the initial As/Fe ratio was 0.4 or 0.5. When dilute As(V) was coprecipitated with ferrihydrite at pH 5 and 7, it was primarily adsorbed as a surface complex when the initial molar ratio was As/Fe < 0.4, while a ferric arsenate and surface complex was formed when this ratio was ≥ 0.4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-643
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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