Sounding rocket experiment on chill-down process with liquid nitrogen in a complex channel

Wataru Sarae, Kiyoshi Kinefuchi, Daisuke Yabusaki, Daizo Sugimori, Takeshi Fujita, Koichi Okita, Yutaka Umemura, Keiichiro Fujimoto, Hideyo Negishi, Hiroaki Kobayashi, Takehiro Himeno, Tetsuya Satou, Satoshi Nonaka

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In the present experiment, by using the sounding rocket’s sub-orbital ballistic flight, realized the gravitational environment similar to that of liquid-fueled rockets during its coasting flight. In the low-gravity state, the cryogenic test fluid, liquid nitrogen, was introduced into the test sections which had similar shapes to the flow channels in the cryogenic propulsion systems. The boiling of liquid nitrogen inside the test-sections and the transition of flow regimes from gas/liquid two-phase flow to liquid mono-phase flow were successfully visualized. The temperatures, pressures and void fractions in each channel were measured as well. The mechanisms enhancing heat transfer were discussed based on the visualization. In the present case, compared with the corresponding ground test, it was confirmed that the two-phase flow in the complex channel could wet the heat transfer surfaces more easily due to the absence of gravity, and that more uniform chill-down effect could been obtained.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference
    PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
    ISBN (Print)9781624103216
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    Event51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2015 - Orlando, United States
    Duration: 2015 Jul 272015 Jul 29

    Other

    Other51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2015
    CountryUnited States
    CityOrlando
    Period15/7/2715/7/29

    Fingerprint

    Sounding rockets
    Liquid nitrogen
    Two phase flow
    Cryogenics
    Gravitation
    Liquids
    Heat transfer
    Void fraction
    Experiments
    Channel flow
    Rockets
    Ballistics
    Boiling liquids
    Propulsion
    Visualization
    Fluids
    Gases
    Temperature

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Sarae, W., Kinefuchi, K., Yabusaki, D., Sugimori, D., Fujita, T., Okita, K., ... Nonaka, S. (2015). Sounding rocket experiment on chill-down process with liquid nitrogen in a complex channel. In 51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA.

    Sounding rocket experiment on chill-down process with liquid nitrogen in a complex channel. / Sarae, Wataru; Kinefuchi, Kiyoshi; Yabusaki, Daisuke; Sugimori, Daizo; Fujita, Takeshi; Okita, Koichi; Umemura, Yutaka; Fujimoto, Keiichiro; Negishi, Hideyo; Kobayashi, Hiroaki; Himeno, Takehiro; Satou, Tetsuya; Nonaka, Satoshi.

    51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2015.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Sarae, W, Kinefuchi, K, Yabusaki, D, Sugimori, D, Fujita, T, Okita, K, Umemura, Y, Fujimoto, K, Negishi, H, Kobayashi, H, Himeno, T, Satou, T & Nonaka, S 2015, Sounding rocket experiment on chill-down process with liquid nitrogen in a complex channel. in 51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2015, Orlando, United States, 15/7/27.
    Sarae W, Kinefuchi K, Yabusaki D, Sugimori D, Fujita T, Okita K et al. Sounding rocket experiment on chill-down process with liquid nitrogen in a complex channel. In 51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. 2015
    Sarae, Wataru ; Kinefuchi, Kiyoshi ; Yabusaki, Daisuke ; Sugimori, Daizo ; Fujita, Takeshi ; Okita, Koichi ; Umemura, Yutaka ; Fujimoto, Keiichiro ; Negishi, Hideyo ; Kobayashi, Hiroaki ; Himeno, Takehiro ; Satou, Tetsuya ; Nonaka, Satoshi. / Sounding rocket experiment on chill-down process with liquid nitrogen in a complex channel. 51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2015.
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    abstract = "In the present experiment, by using the sounding rocket’s sub-orbital ballistic flight, realized the gravitational environment similar to that of liquid-fueled rockets during its coasting flight. In the low-gravity state, the cryogenic test fluid, liquid nitrogen, was introduced into the test sections which had similar shapes to the flow channels in the cryogenic propulsion systems. The boiling of liquid nitrogen inside the test-sections and the transition of flow regimes from gas/liquid two-phase flow to liquid mono-phase flow were successfully visualized. The temperatures, pressures and void fractions in each channel were measured as well. The mechanisms enhancing heat transfer were discussed based on the visualization. In the present case, compared with the corresponding ground test, it was confirmed that the two-phase flow in the complex channel could wet the heat transfer surfaces more easily due to the absence of gravity, and that more uniform chill-down effect could been obtained.",
    author = "Wataru Sarae and Kiyoshi Kinefuchi and Daisuke Yabusaki and Daizo Sugimori and Takeshi Fujita and Koichi Okita and Yutaka Umemura and Keiichiro Fujimoto and Hideyo Negishi and Hiroaki Kobayashi and Takehiro Himeno and Tetsuya Satou and Satoshi Nonaka",
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    AU - Sarae, Wataru

    AU - Kinefuchi, Kiyoshi

    AU - Yabusaki, Daisuke

    AU - Sugimori, Daizo

    AU - Fujita, Takeshi

    AU - Okita, Koichi

    AU - Umemura, Yutaka

    AU - Fujimoto, Keiichiro

    AU - Negishi, Hideyo

    AU - Kobayashi, Hiroaki

    AU - Himeno, Takehiro

    AU - Satou, Tetsuya

    AU - Nonaka, Satoshi

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    AB - In the present experiment, by using the sounding rocket’s sub-orbital ballistic flight, realized the gravitational environment similar to that of liquid-fueled rockets during its coasting flight. In the low-gravity state, the cryogenic test fluid, liquid nitrogen, was introduced into the test sections which had similar shapes to the flow channels in the cryogenic propulsion systems. The boiling of liquid nitrogen inside the test-sections and the transition of flow regimes from gas/liquid two-phase flow to liquid mono-phase flow were successfully visualized. The temperatures, pressures and void fractions in each channel were measured as well. The mechanisms enhancing heat transfer were discussed based on the visualization. In the present case, compared with the corresponding ground test, it was confirmed that the two-phase flow in the complex channel could wet the heat transfer surfaces more easily due to the absence of gravity, and that more uniform chill-down effect could been obtained.

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