The use of distributed energy resources (DERs) in a city contributes to the net zero CO2 of a city. However, the spatially uneven distribution of power demand and surplus electricity causes congestion in the grid system, making wide-area operation difficult. The concept of local energy self-sufficiency via energy management, in which batteries or electric vehicles are charged using power generated by DERs and discharged to neighbouring consumers, is expected to be a way to avoid grid conjunction while maximizing the use of DERs. For efficient local energy self-sufficiency, it is necessary to identify where and when future power surpluses and shortages will occur within a city and optimize battery operation according to demand. Forecasts that focus only on representative points of a city may be less reproducible in diversity in the power demand transition for individual consumers in local parts of cities. Electricity smart meters that monitor power demand every 30 min from each consumer are expected to help predict the spatiotemporal distribution of power demand to achieve efficient local energy self-sufficiency. The significance of reflecting regional characteristics in forecasting spatiotemporal distribution of power demand is demonstrated using actual data obtained by smart meters installed in Japanese cities. The results suggest that the forecast approach, which considers the daily periodicity of power demand and weather conditions, obtains high prediction accuracy in predicting power demand in meshed local areas in the city and derives results precisely reproducing the spatiotemporal behaviours of power demand.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Urban Studies
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Artificial Intelligence
- Computer Networks and Communications