Specialization in a dynamic trade model: An overlapping generations case

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Abstract

We explore a small open economy with overlapping generations to show that demographic structure is an important factor for the determination of a production pattern in the dynamic trade theory. In the representative agent model, Baxter (1992) shows that even if there are two commodities and two production factors, there is a Ricardian implication that opening up to trade leads to perfect specialization in a small open economy. In contrast, using the overlapping generations model, we find that the heterogeneity of the economic agents generally makes imperfect specialization occur. We also find that whether the stability condition holds or not is crucial for the determination of the long-run production pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-368
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Economic Journal
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Dynamic Heckscher–Ohlin model
  • Overlapping generations
  • Specialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

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