Specific activity and activity ratios of radionuclides in soil collected about 20km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant: Radionuclide release to the south and southwest

Keiko Tagami, Shigeo Uchida, Yukio Uchihori, Nobuyoshi Ishii, Hisashi Kitamura, Yoshiyuki Shirakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soil samples at different depths (0-2, 5-7 and 10-12cm) were collected from J Village, about 20km south of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) to determine their radionuclide specific activities and activity ratios. The concentrations and activity ratios of 131I, 134, 136, 137Cs and 129mTe were obtained, but only trace amounts of 95Nb, 110mAg and 140La were detected which were too low to provide accurate concentrations. Radionuclides such as 95Zr, 103, 106Ru and 140Ba that were found in Chernobyl fallout, were not found in these soil samples. This suggests that noble gasses and volatile radionuclides predominated in the releases from FNPP to the terrestrial environment. The average activity ratios of 131I/ 137Cs, 134Cs/ 137Cs, 136Cs/ 137Cs and 129mTe/ 137Cs were 55, 0.90, 0.22 and 4.0 (corrected to March 11, 2011) in the 0-2cm soil samples of April 20 and 28, 2011.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4885-4888
Number of pages4
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume409
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct 15
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cesium-134
  • Cesium-137
  • Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
  • Iodine-131
  • Radioactivity ratio
  • Soil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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