Binding specificity of integration host factor (IHF) to oligo DNAs has been studied by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and filter binding experiment. CD difference spectra of IHF-DNA complexes demonstrated that a conformational change in DNA was induced by binding of IHF when DNA had a consensus sequence for the binding sites of IHF, but that such conformational change was not observed for consensus DNA 20 mer as well as nonconsensus DNA 45 mer. Dissociation constants for IHF-DNA complexes determined by filter binding assay showed that IHF has indeed stronger affinity to DNA with the consensus binding site than to nonconsensus DNA, but the difference in its affinity between consensus and nonconsensus DNAs was rather small, 3.4-fold. It was, therefore, concluded that the flanking regions of the consensus sequence are important for the specific binding of IHF and that its binding specificity is well characterized by the induced conformational change in DNA rather than by dissociation constants for IHF-DNA complexes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology