The phase diagram of one-dimensional dimerized t-J model is investigated by exact-diagonalization, quantum tranfer-matrix, and quantum Monte Carlo methods. The spin gap persists near but away from half-filling as well as in a strongly dimerized region, while the charge can be described as a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid in the entire region. The spin-gap region extends to the weak-dimerization region as well as to the Haldane-gap region. Critical exponents of various correlation functions are discussed. The pairing correlation shows remarkable enhancement and by far dominates over other correlations near half-filling. At quarter filling, charge-gap formation is observed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics