Spontaneous pattern formation and genetic diversity in habitats with irregular geographical features

Hiroki Sayama, Les Kaufman, Yaneer Bar-Yam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of spontaneous pattern formation, the appearance of inhomogeneities that are not directly imposed by external forces, has not been closely examined in the context of the origin and maintenance of genetic diversity in wild populations. Using individual-based computer simulations, we demonstrated that such patterns form in spatially distributed species with local demes under disruptive selection. In our model systems, spatial patterns of genetic diversity arose and changed over time even in the context of a spatially homogenous environment. The spatial distribution and dynamics of the fittest genotypes were controlled by the movement of boundaries between domains of the different genotypes. The rate of diversity decay was dramatically slower than predicted by traditional models. Therefore, spontaneous pattern formation may lead to the maintenance of genetic diversity of a species in a contiguous habitat, despite reproductive mixing. Moreover, the diversity persisted significantly longer in larger habitats and habitats with irregular geographical features. Habitat structure was intimately linked to the preservation of genetic diversity. Spontaneous pattern formation should be considered along with other spatial effects in the design of conservation areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-900
Number of pages8
JournalConservation Biology
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun
Externally publishedYes

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genetic variation
habitat
habitats
genotype
habitat structure
wild population
computer simulation
inhomogeneity
protected area
conservation areas
deterioration
spatial distribution
genetic diversity
effect
rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Spontaneous pattern formation and genetic diversity in habitats with irregular geographical features. / Sayama, Hiroki; Kaufman, Les; Bar-Yam, Yaneer.

In: Conservation Biology, Vol. 17, No. 3, 06.2003, p. 893-900.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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