SPR detection of dopamine using cathodically electropolymerized, molecularly imprinted poly-p-aminostyrene thin films

Pampa Dutta, Roderick B. Pernites, Chaitanya Danda, Rigoberto C. Advincula

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15 Citations (Scopus)


A molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film for dopamine (DP) sensing is fabricated from cathodically electrodeposited p-aminostyrene (PAS) on electrode surfaces in a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy setup. The monomer is more commonly used in monolithic MIP free-radical bulk polymerizations. The film growth and rebinding of DP are monitored by electrochemical-SPR (EC-SPR) spectroscopy. UV-Vis, IR spectroscopy, XPS, AFM, and electrochemistry methods are used to characterize the film. High selectivity against analogous analytes and up to picomolar detection of DP is demonstrated. The reusability of the sensor is also established. Theoretical modeling studies with AM1 calculations predict H-bonding in a stable prepolymerization complex in solution prior to MIP film formation. Surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy (SPR) detection of dopamine is achieved using a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film fabricated via cathodic electrodeposition of poly-p-aminostyrene. High selectivity, picomolar sensitivity, and reusability are demonstrated. This enables the development of high-performance sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2439-2451
Number of pages13
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 15
Externally publishedYes



  • cathodic electropolymerization
  • dopamine
  • picomolar sensitivity
  • styrene
  • surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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