Stability analysis of casings during plastic deformation

Nobuo Morita, Sogo Shiozawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multi-finger caliper logs obtained from the wells in the Gulf of Mexico and in the North Sea showed significant casing deformations, while they were still usable without losing integrity. The reason was that most of these casings were uniformly deformed without rupture or without kinks. The magnitude of elongation and compression of these casings were 3 to 5% while the strains at the yield strength were 0.3-0.5%. These observations indicate that casing design should include the steel properties beyond the yield strength while the API casing designcriterion is strictly based on the steel properties up to the yield strength. Extension and compression casing tests were conducted from H-40 to V-150 casings up to failure by using a 5000 kN loading machine. For compression tests, some casings were cemented within a larger pipe to prevent the lateral buckling simulating the in-situ confinement condition. The tests gave the following results: 1. Under extension tests, the casings were uniformly deformed after exceeding the yield strength. The uniform deformation continued while the casing were stretched by 4 to 25% until non-uniform deformation was induced. 2. The strain up to the peak strength was as large as 25% for H-40 casings while it was as small as 4% for P-l 10 and higher grade of casings. 3. For compression tests, uniform compression continued exceeding the yield point. The uniform deformation continued up to the peak strength which varied from 3% to 12% from V-150 to H-40 casings. Both the cemented casings and short casings induced axisymmetric wrinkles (local buckling) after uniform deformation. 4. The higher grade casings did not significantly increase the maximum strength after yielding while lower grade casings increased the strength while being stretched or compressed uniformly after yielding. The analyses show that the casing failure observed in the fields can be explained from the casing failure tests beyond the yield points. The casings are uniformly deformed until the maximum load so that they are usable up to the maximum strength without significant distortion. In the past, casing failures were tried to be mitigated by increasing the casing grade, however, increasing the grade sometimes deteriorated the casing problems since a higher grade casing could not tolerate the significant stretch or compression once they exceeded the yield stress. Selecting a proper grade and thickness of casings is the key for mitigating casing failure where the data of casing deformation beyond the yield strength are essential information for casing designing using geomechanical models. This paper analyzed the casing deformation data of several North Sea chalk reservoirs and Gulf of Mexico sandstone reservoirs provided by oil companies and determined the usable limit of casing deformation based on the laboratory and field measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
Pages449-476
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9781634394161
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventSPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014 - Galveston
Duration: 2014 Sep 102014 Sep 11

Other

OtherSPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014
CityGalveston
Period14/9/1014/9/11

Fingerprint

plastic deformation
stability analysis
Plastic deformation
Yield stress
compression
Steel
buckling
Buckling
steel
Oil well casings
Calcium Carbonate
chalk
Sandstone
Application programming interfaces (API)
test
rupture
Elongation
Oils
Compaction
pipe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Morita, N., & Shiozawa, S. (2014). Stability analysis of casings during plastic deformation. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014 (pp. 449-476). Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Stability analysis of casings during plastic deformation. / Morita, Nobuo; Shiozawa, Sogo.

Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2014. p. 449-476.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Morita, N & Shiozawa, S 2014, Stability analysis of casings during plastic deformation. in Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers, pp. 449-476, SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014, Galveston, 14/9/10.
Morita N, Shiozawa S. Stability analysis of casings during plastic deformation. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers. 2014. p. 449-476
Morita, Nobuo ; Shiozawa, Sogo. / Stability analysis of casings during plastic deformation. Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014. Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2014. pp. 449-476
@inproceedings{1b7eed1c208641d4bc1901b9ce873f5c,
title = "Stability analysis of casings during plastic deformation",
abstract = "Multi-finger caliper logs obtained from the wells in the Gulf of Mexico and in the North Sea showed significant casing deformations, while they were still usable without losing integrity. The reason was that most of these casings were uniformly deformed without rupture or without kinks. The magnitude of elongation and compression of these casings were 3 to 5{\%} while the strains at the yield strength were 0.3-0.5{\%}. These observations indicate that casing design should include the steel properties beyond the yield strength while the API casing designcriterion is strictly based on the steel properties up to the yield strength. Extension and compression casing tests were conducted from H-40 to V-150 casings up to failure by using a 5000 kN loading machine. For compression tests, some casings were cemented within a larger pipe to prevent the lateral buckling simulating the in-situ confinement condition. The tests gave the following results: 1. Under extension tests, the casings were uniformly deformed after exceeding the yield strength. The uniform deformation continued while the casing were stretched by 4 to 25{\%} until non-uniform deformation was induced. 2. The strain up to the peak strength was as large as 25{\%} for H-40 casings while it was as small as 4{\%} for P-l 10 and higher grade of casings. 3. For compression tests, uniform compression continued exceeding the yield point. The uniform deformation continued up to the peak strength which varied from 3{\%} to 12{\%} from V-150 to H-40 casings. Both the cemented casings and short casings induced axisymmetric wrinkles (local buckling) after uniform deformation. 4. The higher grade casings did not significantly increase the maximum strength after yielding while lower grade casings increased the strength while being stretched or compressed uniformly after yielding. The analyses show that the casing failure observed in the fields can be explained from the casing failure tests beyond the yield points. The casings are uniformly deformed until the maximum load so that they are usable up to the maximum strength without significant distortion. In the past, casing failures were tried to be mitigated by increasing the casing grade, however, increasing the grade sometimes deteriorated the casing problems since a higher grade casing could not tolerate the significant stretch or compression once they exceeded the yield stress. Selecting a proper grade and thickness of casings is the key for mitigating casing failure where the data of casing deformation beyond the yield strength are essential information for casing designing using geomechanical models. This paper analyzed the casing deformation data of several North Sea chalk reservoirs and Gulf of Mexico sandstone reservoirs provided by oil companies and determined the usable limit of casing deformation based on the laboratory and field measurements.",
author = "Nobuo Morita and Sogo Shiozawa",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781634394161",
pages = "449--476",
booktitle = "Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014",
publisher = "Society of Petroleum Engineers",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Stability analysis of casings during plastic deformation

AU - Morita, Nobuo

AU - Shiozawa, Sogo

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Multi-finger caliper logs obtained from the wells in the Gulf of Mexico and in the North Sea showed significant casing deformations, while they were still usable without losing integrity. The reason was that most of these casings were uniformly deformed without rupture or without kinks. The magnitude of elongation and compression of these casings were 3 to 5% while the strains at the yield strength were 0.3-0.5%. These observations indicate that casing design should include the steel properties beyond the yield strength while the API casing designcriterion is strictly based on the steel properties up to the yield strength. Extension and compression casing tests were conducted from H-40 to V-150 casings up to failure by using a 5000 kN loading machine. For compression tests, some casings were cemented within a larger pipe to prevent the lateral buckling simulating the in-situ confinement condition. The tests gave the following results: 1. Under extension tests, the casings were uniformly deformed after exceeding the yield strength. The uniform deformation continued while the casing were stretched by 4 to 25% until non-uniform deformation was induced. 2. The strain up to the peak strength was as large as 25% for H-40 casings while it was as small as 4% for P-l 10 and higher grade of casings. 3. For compression tests, uniform compression continued exceeding the yield point. The uniform deformation continued up to the peak strength which varied from 3% to 12% from V-150 to H-40 casings. Both the cemented casings and short casings induced axisymmetric wrinkles (local buckling) after uniform deformation. 4. The higher grade casings did not significantly increase the maximum strength after yielding while lower grade casings increased the strength while being stretched or compressed uniformly after yielding. The analyses show that the casing failure observed in the fields can be explained from the casing failure tests beyond the yield points. The casings are uniformly deformed until the maximum load so that they are usable up to the maximum strength without significant distortion. In the past, casing failures were tried to be mitigated by increasing the casing grade, however, increasing the grade sometimes deteriorated the casing problems since a higher grade casing could not tolerate the significant stretch or compression once they exceeded the yield stress. Selecting a proper grade and thickness of casings is the key for mitigating casing failure where the data of casing deformation beyond the yield strength are essential information for casing designing using geomechanical models. This paper analyzed the casing deformation data of several North Sea chalk reservoirs and Gulf of Mexico sandstone reservoirs provided by oil companies and determined the usable limit of casing deformation based on the laboratory and field measurements.

AB - Multi-finger caliper logs obtained from the wells in the Gulf of Mexico and in the North Sea showed significant casing deformations, while they were still usable without losing integrity. The reason was that most of these casings were uniformly deformed without rupture or without kinks. The magnitude of elongation and compression of these casings were 3 to 5% while the strains at the yield strength were 0.3-0.5%. These observations indicate that casing design should include the steel properties beyond the yield strength while the API casing designcriterion is strictly based on the steel properties up to the yield strength. Extension and compression casing tests were conducted from H-40 to V-150 casings up to failure by using a 5000 kN loading machine. For compression tests, some casings were cemented within a larger pipe to prevent the lateral buckling simulating the in-situ confinement condition. The tests gave the following results: 1. Under extension tests, the casings were uniformly deformed after exceeding the yield strength. The uniform deformation continued while the casing were stretched by 4 to 25% until non-uniform deformation was induced. 2. The strain up to the peak strength was as large as 25% for H-40 casings while it was as small as 4% for P-l 10 and higher grade of casings. 3. For compression tests, uniform compression continued exceeding the yield point. The uniform deformation continued up to the peak strength which varied from 3% to 12% from V-150 to H-40 casings. Both the cemented casings and short casings induced axisymmetric wrinkles (local buckling) after uniform deformation. 4. The higher grade casings did not significantly increase the maximum strength after yielding while lower grade casings increased the strength while being stretched or compressed uniformly after yielding. The analyses show that the casing failure observed in the fields can be explained from the casing failure tests beyond the yield points. The casings are uniformly deformed until the maximum load so that they are usable up to the maximum strength without significant distortion. In the past, casing failures were tried to be mitigated by increasing the casing grade, however, increasing the grade sometimes deteriorated the casing problems since a higher grade casing could not tolerate the significant stretch or compression once they exceeded the yield stress. Selecting a proper grade and thickness of casings is the key for mitigating casing failure where the data of casing deformation beyond the yield strength are essential information for casing designing using geomechanical models. This paper analyzed the casing deformation data of several North Sea chalk reservoirs and Gulf of Mexico sandstone reservoirs provided by oil companies and determined the usable limit of casing deformation based on the laboratory and field measurements.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922877060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922877060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84922877060

SN - 9781634394161

SP - 449

EP - 476

BT - Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Deepwater Drilling and Completions Conference 2014

PB - Society of Petroleum Engineers

ER -