Stability of breakwater armor units against tsunami attacks

Miguel Esteban, Ravindra Jayaratne, Takahito Mikami, Izumi Morikubo, Tomoya Shibayama, Nguyen Danh Thao, Koichiro Ohira, Akira Ohtani, Yusuke Mizuno, Mizuho Kinoshita, Shunya Matsuba

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The design of breakwater armor units against tsunami attacks has received little attention in the past because of the comparative low frequency of these events and the rarity of structures designed specifically to withstand them. However, field surveys of recent events, such as the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami and the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004, have shown flaws in the design of protection structures. During these extreme events, many breakwaters suffered partial or catastrophic damage. Although it is to be expected that most normal structures fail because of such high-order events, practicing engineers need to possess tools to design certain important breakwaters that should not fail even during Level 2 events. In the future, research into the design of critical structures that only partially fail (i.e., resilient or tenacious structures) during very extreme Level 2 tsunami events should be a priority; in this sense, the present paper proposes a formula that allows the estimation of armor unit damage depending on the tsunami wave height.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)188-198
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering
    Volume140
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    Tsunamis
    Breakwaters
    Armor
    breakwater
    tsunami
    tsunami event
    Tohoku earthquake 2011
    damage
    rarity
    extreme event
    wave height
    field survey
    Earthquakes
    Engineers
    Defects

    Keywords

    • Hudson formula
    • Rubble-mound breakwater
    • Solitary waves
    • Stability
    • Tohoku
    • Tsunami
    • Van der Meer formula

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Water Science and Technology
    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Ocean Engineering

    Cite this

    Stability of breakwater armor units against tsunami attacks. / Esteban, Miguel; Jayaratne, Ravindra; Mikami, Takahito; Morikubo, Izumi; Shibayama, Tomoya; Thao, Nguyen Danh; Ohira, Koichiro; Ohtani, Akira; Mizuno, Yusuke; Kinoshita, Mizuho; Matsuba, Shunya.

    In: Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, Vol. 140, No. 2, 2014, p. 188-198.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Esteban, M, Jayaratne, R, Mikami, T, Morikubo, I, Shibayama, T, Thao, ND, Ohira, K, Ohtani, A, Mizuno, Y, Kinoshita, M & Matsuba, S 2014, 'Stability of breakwater armor units against tsunami attacks', Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, vol. 140, no. 2, pp. 188-198. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000227
    Esteban, Miguel ; Jayaratne, Ravindra ; Mikami, Takahito ; Morikubo, Izumi ; Shibayama, Tomoya ; Thao, Nguyen Danh ; Ohira, Koichiro ; Ohtani, Akira ; Mizuno, Yusuke ; Kinoshita, Mizuho ; Matsuba, Shunya. / Stability of breakwater armor units against tsunami attacks. In: Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering. 2014 ; Vol. 140, No. 2. pp. 188-198.
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