Steady-state performance assessment and geometrical optimization of packed-bed liquid desiccant air dehumidification systems

Mrinal Bhowmik*, Karanjeet Gohain, P. Muthukumar, Kiyoshi Saito

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study, the performance of the liquid desiccant dehumidifier is numerically investigated under different flow configurations using commercially available halide solutions. For this purpose, a steady-state numerical model is developed for analysing the heat and mass transfer characteristics between air and solution by considering moist air properties and validated with experimental datasets. The dehumidification performance is assessed by the moisture effectiveness and moisture removal rate, while its latent load-controlling performance is evaluated by the latent heat ratio. The effect of geometric parameters on the dehumidifier's performance is also studied. The results showed that a dehumidifier with a cross-flow configuration performed better than the counter-flow for the same dehumidifier volume. Further, the dehumidifier with lithium chloride solution showed the highest performance among the investigated systems. It is also found that geometric parameters for both counter and cross-flow dehumidifiers played a major role in defining the performance of the dehumidifier. Lastly, trade-off contours and correlation matrix are mapped to analyze the relative influence of the system's independent variables on the dehumidifier's performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101626
JournalThermal Science and Engineering Progress
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Desiccant dehumidifier
  • Geometry optimization
  • Latent heat ratio
  • Moisture effectiveness
  • Moisture removal rate
  • Trade-off analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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