Investigation of the reward system by means of noninvasive electrophysiological methods has focused on the feedback-related negativity and probe startle. These measure index processing that occurs when the outcome of an action is better or worse than expected. According to evidence reviewed in the present paper, that expectation is reflected in an electrophysiological measure, the stimulus-preceding negativity. This slow wave crescendos in amplitude as receipt of performance feedback and monetary reward or penalty draws near. Comparisons with functional magnetic resonance imaging data have identified a number of likely sources, including the anterior insula and parietal cortices. The relation to sensory attention, dopaminergic disorders, instrumental learning and other functional properties are discussed.
|Title of host publication||Cognitive Electrophysiology of Attention: Signals of the Mind|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Oct|
- Event-related potentials
- Parkinson's disease
- Stimulus-preceding negativity
ASJC Scopus subject areas