Stochastic resonance with a mixture of sub-and supra-threshold stimuli in a population of neuron models.

Minato Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki Mino, Keiko Momose, Dominique M. Durand

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Abstract

This paper presents a novel type of stochastic resonance (SR) with a mixture of sub- and supra-threshold stimuli in a population of neuron models beyond regular SR and Supra-threshold SR (SSR) phenomena. We investigate through computer simulations if the novel type of SR can be observed or not, using the mutual information (MI) estimated from a population of neural spike trains as an index of information transmission. Computer simulations showed that the MI had a typical type of SR curves, even when the balance between sub-and supra-threshold stimuli was varied, suggesting the novel type of SR. Moreover, the peak of MI increased as the balance of supra-threshold stimuli got stronger, i.e., as the situation was getting close to the SSR from the regular SR. This finding could accelerate our understanding about how fluctuations play a role in processing information carried by a mixture of sub-and supra-threshold stimuli.

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Computer Simulation
Neurons
Automatic Data Processing
Population
Computer simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper presents a novel type of stochastic resonance (SR) with a mixture of sub- and supra-threshold stimuli in a population of neuron models beyond regular SR and Supra-threshold SR (SSR) phenomena. We investigate through computer simulations if the novel type of SR can be observed or not, using the mutual information (MI) estimated from a population of neural spike trains as an index of information transmission. Computer simulations showed that the MI had a typical type of SR curves, even when the balance between sub-and supra-threshold stimuli was varied, suggesting the novel type of SR. Moreover, the peak of MI increased as the balance of supra-threshold stimuli got stronger, i.e., as the situation was getting close to the SSR from the regular SR. This finding could accelerate our understanding about how fluctuations play a role in processing information carried by a mixture of sub-and supra-threshold stimuli.",
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AU - Mino, Hiroyuki

AU - Momose, Keiko

AU - Durand, Dominique M.

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AB - This paper presents a novel type of stochastic resonance (SR) with a mixture of sub- and supra-threshold stimuli in a population of neuron models beyond regular SR and Supra-threshold SR (SSR) phenomena. We investigate through computer simulations if the novel type of SR can be observed or not, using the mutual information (MI) estimated from a population of neural spike trains as an index of information transmission. Computer simulations showed that the MI had a typical type of SR curves, even when the balance between sub-and supra-threshold stimuli was varied, suggesting the novel type of SR. Moreover, the peak of MI increased as the balance of supra-threshold stimuli got stronger, i.e., as the situation was getting close to the SSR from the regular SR. This finding could accelerate our understanding about how fluctuations play a role in processing information carried by a mixture of sub-and supra-threshold stimuli.

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