Strain rate dependent tensile properties of injection molded long glass fiber reinforced thermoplastics

Taesung Kim, Yoshihiko Arao, Norihiko Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi Nishiwaki, Atsushi Hosoi, Hiroyuki Kawada

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Long Fiber reinforced Thermoplastics (LFT) have been used in a lot of industrial fields such as automotive industries because of their excellent moldabilities, productivities, and high mechanical properties compared with injection molded Short Fiber reinforced Thermoplastics (SFT). On the other hand, mechanical properties of LFT are significantly low compared with continuous fiber reinforced plastics. So, improvements of them are still important study subjects. In past studies, there were some reports about the absorbed impact energy of LFT, and LFT showed higher energy absorption property than SFT. However, there have been few studies focused on strength, stiffness and their strain rate dependencies of LFT in impact loading condition. These quantitative evaluations are essential to material design for developments of impact-resistant LFT. In this study, mechanical properties and strain rate dependency of injection molded long glass fiber reinforced thermoplastics under impact loading were investigated. The effectiveness of longer residual fibers to improvement of impact properties of injection molded composites was indicated. LFT showed higher mechanical properties compared with SFT at any strain rate in this study. Increasing rate of tensile strength in LFT was also much higher than that in SFT, and significant improvement of impact properties of injection molded composites were achieved by longer residual fibers. As a result of observation of micro structures and fracture surfaces after impact tensile test, it was confirmed that the fracture occurred mainly in matrix and fiber/matrix interface in the case of SFT. On the other hand, in LFT specimens, impact tensile loading was effectively transferred to reinforcement glass fibers, and they were broken after impact tensile test. Consequently, it was revealed that strain rate dependency of glass fiber strength resulting from the slow crack growth development led to high impact tensile properties of LFT.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Event20th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2015 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 2015 Jul 192015 Jul 24

Other

Other20th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2015
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period15/7/1915/7/24

Keywords

  • Impact properties
  • LFT
  • Strain rate dependency
  • Strength prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Ceramics and Composites

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  • Cite this

    Kim, T., Arao, Y., Taniguchi, N., Nishiwaki, T., Hosoi, A., & Kawada, H. (2015). Strain rate dependent tensile properties of injection molded long glass fiber reinforced thermoplastics. Paper presented at 20th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark.