The surface of lotus-type porous copper plates that had cylindrical open pores in the thickness direction (porosity 50.4%, average pore diameter 144.4 μm) were processed by wire-brushing. Open pores on the surface of the lotus copper are closed by a newly formed nonporous thin layer. Electron backscatter diffraction patterns of the processed plate cross section show that the deformed surface consists of ultra-fine grains and that a nonporous layer was formed on the deformation of the surface layer. The Vickers hardness of the wire-brushed lotus copper is higher than that of the wire-brushed non-porous copper. The Vickers hardness increases with the increase in the rate of revolution of the wire-brush due to grain refinement. The increment of the ultimate tensile strength of lotus copper by wire-brushing is larger than of non-porous copper. The increment of ultimate tensile strength of the lotus copper reaches maximum when the newly deformed layer closes all the pores on the surface. These results show that wire-brushing is an effective process for the improvement of mechanical properties for lotus metals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)