Structural Deterioration Mechanisms

Mitsuyoshi Akiyama, Mohamed Soliman, Fabio Biondini, Dan M. Frangopol

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter aims to provide a state-of-the-art summary of research topics related to the physical, chemical, and mechanical processes involved in degradation mechanisms of concrete and steel structures located in severe environments. Although several factors affect the deterioration mechanisms of concrete and steel structures, this review mainly focuses on the effects of structural deterioration at the component and system levels. For concrete structures, the chapter investigates the effects of carbonation, chloride, frost, and chemical attacks, as well as alkali-aggregate reaction on material deterioration. In addition, it discusses the steel deterioration owing to corrosion and/or fatigue. The chapter further describes the effect of reinforcement corrosion on structural resistance deterioration. The analytical methods used to evaluate structural resistance deterioration must consider the reduction of the steel bar volume, cracking of the concrete cover because of corrosion product expansion, bond degradation between the concrete and steel, and nonuniformity of corrosion along the steel bars in RC members.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLife-Cycle Design, Assessment, and Maintenance of Structures and Infrastructure Systems
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9780784482636
ISBN (Print)9780784415467
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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