Structural, Spectroscopic, and Electrochemical Characterization of Semi-Conducting, Solvated [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 and Non-Solvated [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2

Jinzhen Lu, Ayman Nafady, Brendan F. Abrahams, Muhammad Abdulhamid, Bjorn Winther Jensen, Alan M. Bond, Lisandra L. Martin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The demand for catalysts that are highly active and stable for electron-transfer reactions has been boosted by the discovery that [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQF4)2 (TCNQF4≤2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane) is an efficient catalyst. In this work, we prepare and characterize the two related [Pt(NH3)4]2+ complexes, [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 (1) and [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2 (2). Reaction of [Pt(NH3)4](NO3)2 with LiTCNQ in a mixed solvent (methanol/dimethylformamide, 4:1v/v) gives [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 (1), whereas the same reaction in water affords [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2 (2). 2 has been previously reported. Both 1 and 2 have now been characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography, Fourier-transform (FT)IR, Raman and UV-vis spectroscopy, and electrochemistry. Structurally, in 1, the TCNQ1-anions form infinite stacks with a separation between adjacent anions within the stack alternating between 3.12 and 3.42Å. The solvated structure 1 differs from the non-solvated form 2 in that pairs of TCNQ1-anions are clearly displaced from each other. The conductivities of pressed pellets of 1 and 2 are both in the semi-conducting range at room temperature. 2 can be electrochemically synthesized by reduction of a TCNQ-modified electrode in contact with an aqueous solution of [Pt(NH3)4](NO3)2 via a nucleation growth mechanism. Interestingly, we discovered that 1 and 2 are not catalysts for the ferricyanide and thiosulfate reaction. Li+ and tetraalkylammonium salts of TCNQ1-/2-and TCNQF41-/2-were tested for potential catalytic activity towards ferricyanide and thiosulfate. Only TCNQF41-/2-salts were active, suggesting that the dianion redox level needs to be accessible for efficient catalytic activity and explaining why 1 and 2 are not good catalysts. Importantly, the origin of the catalytic activity of the highly active [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQF4)2 catalyst is now understood, enabling other families of catalysts to be developed for important electron-transfer reactions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)997-1005
    Number of pages9
    JournalAustralian Journal of Chemistry
    Volume70
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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    Catalysts
    Anions
    Thiosulfates
    Catalyst activity
    Salts
    Dimethylformamide
    Electrons
    X ray crystallography
    Electrochemistry
    Ultraviolet spectroscopy
    Contacts (fluid mechanics)
    Methanol
    tetracyanoquinodimethane
    Fourier transforms
    Nucleation
    Single crystals
    Electrodes
    Water
    Temperature
    hexacyanoferrate III

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)

    Cite this

    Structural, Spectroscopic, and Electrochemical Characterization of Semi-Conducting, Solvated [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 and Non-Solvated [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2 . / Lu, Jinzhen; Nafady, Ayman; Abrahams, Brendan F.; Abdulhamid, Muhammad; Winther Jensen, Bjorn; Bond, Alan M.; Martin, Lisandra L.

    In: Australian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 70, No. 9, 2017, p. 997-1005.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Lu, Jinzhen ; Nafady, Ayman ; Abrahams, Brendan F. ; Abdulhamid, Muhammad ; Winther Jensen, Bjorn ; Bond, Alan M. ; Martin, Lisandra L. / Structural, Spectroscopic, and Electrochemical Characterization of Semi-Conducting, Solvated [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 and Non-Solvated [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2 In: Australian Journal of Chemistry. 2017 ; Vol. 70, No. 9. pp. 997-1005.
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    abstract = "The demand for catalysts that are highly active and stable for electron-transfer reactions has been boosted by the discovery that [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQF4)2 (TCNQF4≤2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane) is an efficient catalyst. In this work, we prepare and characterize the two related [Pt(NH3)4]2+ complexes, [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 (1) and [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2 (2). Reaction of [Pt(NH3)4](NO3)2 with LiTCNQ in a mixed solvent (methanol/dimethylformamide, 4:1v/v) gives [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 (1), whereas the same reaction in water affords [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2 (2). 2 has been previously reported. Both 1 and 2 have now been characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography, Fourier-transform (FT)IR, Raman and UV-vis spectroscopy, and electrochemistry. Structurally, in 1, the TCNQ1-anions form infinite stacks with a separation between adjacent anions within the stack alternating between 3.12 and 3.42{\AA}. The solvated structure 1 differs from the non-solvated form 2 in that pairs of TCNQ1-anions are clearly displaced from each other. The conductivities of pressed pellets of 1 and 2 are both in the semi-conducting range at room temperature. 2 can be electrochemically synthesized by reduction of a TCNQ-modified electrode in contact with an aqueous solution of [Pt(NH3)4](NO3)2 via a nucleation growth mechanism. Interestingly, we discovered that 1 and 2 are not catalysts for the ferricyanide and thiosulfate reaction. Li+ and tetraalkylammonium salts of TCNQ1-/2-and TCNQF41-/2-were tested for potential catalytic activity towards ferricyanide and thiosulfate. Only TCNQF41-/2-salts were active, suggesting that the dianion redox level needs to be accessible for efficient catalytic activity and explaining why 1 and 2 are not good catalysts. Importantly, the origin of the catalytic activity of the highly active [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQF4)2 catalyst is now understood, enabling other families of catalysts to be developed for important electron-transfer reactions.",
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    AU - Lu, Jinzhen

    AU - Nafady, Ayman

    AU - Abrahams, Brendan F.

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    AU - Winther Jensen, Bjorn

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