Studies on the life history of the population of an evergreen herb, Pyrola japonica, on the forest floor in a warm temperate region - 2. Photosynthesis, respiration and gross production

Hiroshi Koizumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photosynthetic and respiratory activities and gross production in relation to temperature conditions were investigated in the population of an evergreen herb, Pyrola japonica, growing on the floor of a deciduous forest in the warm temperate region of central Japan. Analysis of the temperature-photosynthesis relationship of P. japonica leaves during the growing season indicated distinct seasonal changes in the temperature optimum for photosynthesis. This population was found to be acclimatable to ambient air temperatures exceeding 15C, but this acclimation became less pronounced under thermal conditions below 15 C. This plant possessed narrow photosynthetic optima in the warm season but wide optima in the cold season. The shape of the temperature-respiration curve did not vary significantly with the months except for April. The Q10 for respiration between 10 C and 20 C was calculated to be 1.93-2.65. Annual dry matter loss associated with respiration was estimated to amount to 159.1 g d.w.m-2 based on the measurements of the seasonal changes in the respiratory activity of each organ. Gross production of this population was estimated to be 219.3 g d.w.m-2 year-1 as the sum total of the net production (60.2 g d.w.m-2year-1) and the respiration. Monthly gross production was high in the early growing season, and low and stable in winter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-532
Number of pages12
JournalThe Botanical Magazine Tokyo
Volume102
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Dec
Externally publishedYes

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forest litter
herbs
life history
photosynthesis
temperature
growing season
cold season
warm season
deciduous forests
acclimation
ambient temperature
air temperature
Japan
heat
winter
leaves

Keywords

  • Gross production
  • Photosynthesis
  • Pyrola japonica
  • Respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Photosynthetic and respiratory activities and gross production in relation to temperature conditions were investigated in the population of an evergreen herb, Pyrola japonica, growing on the floor of a deciduous forest in the warm temperate region of central Japan. Analysis of the temperature-photosynthesis relationship of P. japonica leaves during the growing season indicated distinct seasonal changes in the temperature optimum for photosynthesis. This population was found to be acclimatable to ambient air temperatures exceeding 15C, but this acclimation became less pronounced under thermal conditions below 15 C. This plant possessed narrow photosynthetic optima in the warm season but wide optima in the cold season. The shape of the temperature-respiration curve did not vary significantly with the months except for April. The Q10 for respiration between 10 C and 20 C was calculated to be 1.93-2.65. Annual dry matter loss associated with respiration was estimated to amount to 159.1 g d.w.m-2 based on the measurements of the seasonal changes in the respiratory activity of each organ. Gross production of this population was estimated to be 219.3 g d.w.m-2 year-1 as the sum total of the net production (60.2 g d.w.m-2year-1) and the respiration. Monthly gross production was high in the early growing season, and low and stable in winter.",
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author = "Hiroshi Koizumi",
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AB - Photosynthetic and respiratory activities and gross production in relation to temperature conditions were investigated in the population of an evergreen herb, Pyrola japonica, growing on the floor of a deciduous forest in the warm temperate region of central Japan. Analysis of the temperature-photosynthesis relationship of P. japonica leaves during the growing season indicated distinct seasonal changes in the temperature optimum for photosynthesis. This population was found to be acclimatable to ambient air temperatures exceeding 15C, but this acclimation became less pronounced under thermal conditions below 15 C. This plant possessed narrow photosynthetic optima in the warm season but wide optima in the cold season. The shape of the temperature-respiration curve did not vary significantly with the months except for April. The Q10 for respiration between 10 C and 20 C was calculated to be 1.93-2.65. Annual dry matter loss associated with respiration was estimated to amount to 159.1 g d.w.m-2 based on the measurements of the seasonal changes in the respiratory activity of each organ. Gross production of this population was estimated to be 219.3 g d.w.m-2 year-1 as the sum total of the net production (60.2 g d.w.m-2year-1) and the respiration. Monthly gross production was high in the early growing season, and low and stable in winter.

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