Study on the pigments in the cruciform gallery of angkor wat, Cambodia

Etsuo Uchida, Y. Takubo, K. Toyouchi, J. Miyata

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In the cruciform gallery of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, red, orange, white and black pigments were widely painted on the surfaces of pillars, walls and friezes. The application sequence of the pigments is different from area to area. The following substances were confirmed from the pigments: hematite (laterite), minium, calcium oxalate hydrates (whewellite and weddellite), Pb-Cl compounds (cotunnite, laurionite and blixite), calcium phosphates (whitlockite), gypsum, hydrocerussite, calcite, anglesite, lead dioxide, azurite and carbon black. The orange pigment (minium) underlies the red pigment (hematite). The former may have been applied at the time of the foundation (the Angkor Wat style period), and the latter in the Bayon style period or later, but mainly before the early 17th century of the current era.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)549-564
    Number of pages16
    JournalArchaeometry
    Volume54
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun

    Fingerprint

    Cambodia
    Cruciform
    Pigments
    Angkor
    time
    Hematite

    Keywords

    • Angkor wat
    • Cambodia
    • Cruciform gallery
    • Pigment

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Archaeology
    • History

    Cite this

    Study on the pigments in the cruciform gallery of angkor wat, Cambodia. / Uchida, Etsuo; Takubo, Y.; Toyouchi, K.; Miyata, J.

    In: Archaeometry, Vol. 54, No. 3, 06.2012, p. 549-564.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Uchida, Etsuo ; Takubo, Y. ; Toyouchi, K. ; Miyata, J. / Study on the pigments in the cruciform gallery of angkor wat, Cambodia. In: Archaeometry. 2012 ; Vol. 54, No. 3. pp. 549-564.
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