### Abstract

Large-scale first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been carried out to investigate how Al^{3+} can be incorporated into MgSiO_{3} perovskite under high pressure and to study the resultant change in the compressional mechanism of MgSiO_{3} perovskite. We examined two types of MgSiO_{3} models with 6.25 mol% Al_{2}O_{3}: charge-coupled substitution and oxygen-vacancy mechanisms. Five pressure points from 0 to 100 GPa have been considered. At each pressure point, we have calculated five models of the oxygen vacancy and five models of the charge-coupled mechanisms. We also change the internal positions of the substituted Al in the calculated cells, which have 80 atoms. Our free energy calculations show Al^{3+} replaces the nearest-neighbor cation pairs (Mg^{2+} and Si^{4+}) at all pressures investigated. The calculated bulk modulus of the most energetically favorable model is 3.4% lower than that of the Al-free MgSiO_{3} perovskite. These results may have important implications for discriminating between thermal and compositional effects of 1-D Earth models and the possible influence of aluminum perovskite.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 617-625 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Earth and Planetary Science Letters |

Volume | 206 |

Issue number | 3-4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2003 Feb 15 |

Externally published | Yes |

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### Keywords

- Aluminous perovskite
- Bulk modulus
- First-principles calculations
- Substitution mechanism

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Geochemistry and Petrology
- Geophysics

### Cite this

_{3}perovskite under high pressure conditions from first-principles calculations.

*Earth and Planetary Science Letters*,

*206*(3-4), 617-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01099-3

**Substitution mechanism of Al ions in MgSiO _{3} perovskite under high pressure conditions from first-principles calculations.** / Yamamoto, Tomoyuki; Yuen, David A.; Ebisuzaki, Toshikazu.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

_{3}perovskite under high pressure conditions from first-principles calculations',

*Earth and Planetary Science Letters*, vol. 206, no. 3-4, pp. 617-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01099-3

_{3}perovskite under high pressure conditions from first-principles calculations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2003 Feb 15;206(3-4):617-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01099-3

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Substitution mechanism of Al ions in MgSiO3 perovskite under high pressure conditions from first-principles calculations

AU - Yamamoto, Tomoyuki

AU - Yuen, David A.

AU - Ebisuzaki, Toshikazu

PY - 2003/2/15

Y1 - 2003/2/15

N2 - Large-scale first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been carried out to investigate how Al3+ can be incorporated into MgSiO3 perovskite under high pressure and to study the resultant change in the compressional mechanism of MgSiO3 perovskite. We examined two types of MgSiO3 models with 6.25 mol% Al2O3: charge-coupled substitution and oxygen-vacancy mechanisms. Five pressure points from 0 to 100 GPa have been considered. At each pressure point, we have calculated five models of the oxygen vacancy and five models of the charge-coupled mechanisms. We also change the internal positions of the substituted Al in the calculated cells, which have 80 atoms. Our free energy calculations show Al3+ replaces the nearest-neighbor cation pairs (Mg2+ and Si4+) at all pressures investigated. The calculated bulk modulus of the most energetically favorable model is 3.4% lower than that of the Al-free MgSiO3 perovskite. These results may have important implications for discriminating between thermal and compositional effects of 1-D Earth models and the possible influence of aluminum perovskite.

AB - Large-scale first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been carried out to investigate how Al3+ can be incorporated into MgSiO3 perovskite under high pressure and to study the resultant change in the compressional mechanism of MgSiO3 perovskite. We examined two types of MgSiO3 models with 6.25 mol% Al2O3: charge-coupled substitution and oxygen-vacancy mechanisms. Five pressure points from 0 to 100 GPa have been considered. At each pressure point, we have calculated five models of the oxygen vacancy and five models of the charge-coupled mechanisms. We also change the internal positions of the substituted Al in the calculated cells, which have 80 atoms. Our free energy calculations show Al3+ replaces the nearest-neighbor cation pairs (Mg2+ and Si4+) at all pressures investigated. The calculated bulk modulus of the most energetically favorable model is 3.4% lower than that of the Al-free MgSiO3 perovskite. These results may have important implications for discriminating between thermal and compositional effects of 1-D Earth models and the possible influence of aluminum perovskite.

KW - Aluminous perovskite

KW - Bulk modulus

KW - First-principles calculations

KW - Substitution mechanism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037442193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037442193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01099-3

DO - 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01099-3

M3 - Article

VL - 206

SP - 617

EP - 625

JO - Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters

JF - Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters

SN - 0012-821X

IS - 3-4

ER -