Sulfide bond formation for the synthesis of poly(thioarylene) through oxidation of sulfur chloride with aromatics

Kimihisa Yamamoto, Mitsutoshi Jikei, Kenji Miyatake, Junya Katoh, Hiroyuki Nishide, Eishun Tsuchida

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new homogeneous series of hydrocarbon polymers having phenoxy and thiophenoxy units in the main chain were prepared by oxidative polymerization of α,ω-diphenoxyalkanes (m = 2-8, 10) with S2Cl2. Polymers with weight-average molecular weights in the range of 4800-33 500 have been obtained in high yields (>94%). The effect of the chain length of the methylene units on the thermal properties of the polymers is discussed. Increasing the length of the methylene units results in a decrease in the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the polymers. An alternating odd-even effect in melting temperatures (Tm) and molecular weights is observed. The resulting polymers having even numbers of methylene units possess a higher melting temperature and lower molecular weight than those of the odd numbered ones. Polymerization of S2Cl2 with other aromatic compounds, such as p-xylene, durene, and diphenyl ether, is also demonstrated to yield the corresponding poly(thioarylene)s. The polymerization proceeds via a cationic mechanism through the oxidation of the disulfide bond.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4312-4317
Number of pages6
JournalMacromolecules
Volume27
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

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