Supernova neutrinos and explosive nucleosynthesis

T. Kajino, W. Aoki, M. K. Cheoun, T. Hayakawa, J. Hidaka, Y. Hirai, G. J. Mathews, K. Nakamura, S. Shibagaki, T. Suzuki

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Core-collapse supernovae eject huge amount of flux of energetic neutrinos. We studied the explosive nucleosynthesis in supernovae and found that several isotopes 7Li, 11B, 92Nb, 138La and 180Ta as well as r-process nuclei are affected by the neutrino interactions. The abundance of these isotopes therefore depends strongly on the neutrino flavor oscillation due to the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein (MSW) effect. We discuss first how to determine the neutrino temperatures in order to explain the observed solar system abundances of these isotopes, combined with Galactic chemical evolution of the light nuclei and the heavy r-process elements. We then study the effects of neutrino oscillation on their abundances, and propose a novel method to determine the still unknown neutrino oscillation parameters, mass hierarchy and θ13, simultaneously. There is recent evidence that SiC X grains from the Murchison meteorite may contain supernova-produced light elements 11B and 7Li encapsulated in the presolar grains. Combining the recent experimental constraints on θ13, we show that our method suggests at a marginal preference for an inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. Finally, we discuss supernova relic neutrinos that may indicate the softness of the equation of state (EoS) of nuclear matter as well as adiabatic conditions of the neutrino oscillation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
    PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
    Pages84-97
    Number of pages14
    Volume1595
    ISBN (Print)9780735412293
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event7th European Summer School on Experimental Nuclear Astrophysics - Sicily
    Duration: 2013 Sep 152013 Sep 27

    Other

    Other7th European Summer School on Experimental Nuclear Astrophysics
    CitySicily
    Period13/9/1513/9/27

    Fingerprint

    nuclear fusion
    supernovae
    neutrinos
    oscillations
    isotopes
    hierarchies
    Murchison meteorite
    adiabatic conditions
    softness
    nuclei
    light elements
    chemical evolution
    galactic evolution
    solar system
    equations of state

    Keywords

    • neutrino
    • nuclear reaction
    • nuclear structure
    • nucleosynthesis
    • supernovae

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Kajino, T., Aoki, W., Cheoun, M. K., Hayakawa, T., Hidaka, J., Hirai, Y., ... Suzuki, T. (2014). Supernova neutrinos and explosive nucleosynthesis. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1595, pp. 84-97). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4875294

    Supernova neutrinos and explosive nucleosynthesis. / Kajino, T.; Aoki, W.; Cheoun, M. K.; Hayakawa, T.; Hidaka, J.; Hirai, Y.; Mathews, G. J.; Nakamura, K.; Shibagaki, S.; Suzuki, T.

    AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1595 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. p. 84-97.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Kajino, T, Aoki, W, Cheoun, MK, Hayakawa, T, Hidaka, J, Hirai, Y, Mathews, GJ, Nakamura, K, Shibagaki, S & Suzuki, T 2014, Supernova neutrinos and explosive nucleosynthesis. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1595, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 84-97, 7th European Summer School on Experimental Nuclear Astrophysics, Sicily, 13/9/15. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4875294
    Kajino T, Aoki W, Cheoun MK, Hayakawa T, Hidaka J, Hirai Y et al. Supernova neutrinos and explosive nucleosynthesis. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1595. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2014. p. 84-97 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4875294
    Kajino, T. ; Aoki, W. ; Cheoun, M. K. ; Hayakawa, T. ; Hidaka, J. ; Hirai, Y. ; Mathews, G. J. ; Nakamura, K. ; Shibagaki, S. ; Suzuki, T. / Supernova neutrinos and explosive nucleosynthesis. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1595 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. pp. 84-97
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