Support for working parents

Government policies and corporate responses in Japan

Kenji Suzuki, Kanji Tanimoto, Naoki Atsumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The falling birth rate is one of the problems of greatest public concern in Japan in recent years. While support for working parents is widely recognized as a key solution for this problem, the government has not adopted strict regulation, but tried to attract voluntary support from employers. To discuss the effect of such 'soft regulation', we identify characteristics to explain the responsiveness of firms to such an institutional demand. Using a data set of about 750 Japanese firms compiled from several sources, we conducted factor analysis to identify factors underlying firms' support for working parents, and then examined the association of those factors with various firm characteristics by regression analysis. As a result, progressiveness and time-flexibility are identified as the underlying factors. While they are positively associated with firm size, degree of foreign ownership and attention to corporate social responsibility, there are significant differences in the pattern of association with several characteristics regarding the presence of female workers and the participation of labour unions. Difference across business sectors is also significant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-319
Number of pages23
JournalAsian Business and Management
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

government policy
parents
Japan
firm
regulation
female worker
birth rate
social responsibility
factor analysis
employer
regression analysis
flexibility
Factors
Government policy
labor
participation
demand
Employers
Regression analysis
Responsiveness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations

Cite this

Support for working parents : Government policies and corporate responses in Japan. / Suzuki, Kenji; Tanimoto, Kanji; Atsumi, Naoki.

In: Asian Business and Management, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2008, p. 297-319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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