Supramolecular polymerizations and main-chain supramolecular polymers

Justin D. Fox, Stuart J. Rowan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

235 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The past few decades have seen a significant growth in the field of supramolecular polymerizations, in which (reversible) noncovalent interactions (e.g., hydrogen bonding, metal-ligand coordination, π-π stacking, etc.) between (macro)monomeric units are utilized to build polymeric assemblies. These polymeric aggregates can exist in an equilibrium state between low and high molecular weight species, which in turn opens the door to a new matrix of properties. For example, such supramolecular polymers are potentially an interesting class of stimuli- or environmentally responsive, "smart" materials. Additionally, the establishment of an equilibrium during the assembly process imparts on the system the ability to "proofread" assemblies and, depending on the nature of the (macro)molecules, can allow efficient access to controlled, well-defined nanostructures. This Perspective will focus on the basic concepts of such supramolecular polymerizations, such as mechanism of assembly growth, and the effects of growth kinetics, phase segregation, and growth on the surface has on the assembly and properties of the resulting supramolecular polymers, highlighting these concepts with selected literature examples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6823-6835
Number of pages13
JournalMacromolecules
Volume42
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 22
Externally publishedYes

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Polymers
Polymerization
Macros
Intelligent materials
Growth kinetics
Nanostructures
Hydrogen bonds
Metals
Molecular weight
Ligands
Molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Supramolecular polymerizations and main-chain supramolecular polymers. / Fox, Justin D.; Rowan, Stuart J.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 42, No. 18, 22.09.2009, p. 6823-6835.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fox, Justin D. ; Rowan, Stuart J. / Supramolecular polymerizations and main-chain supramolecular polymers. In: Macromolecules. 2009 ; Vol. 42, No. 18. pp. 6823-6835.
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