Surface initiated polymerization (SIP) on nanoparticle surfaces

Demonstration of first principles and preparation of nanocomposite materials

Rigoberto Advincula, Qingye Zhou, Jimmy Mays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To investigate the grafting of polymer chains onto nanoparticles (metal, semi-conductor, inorganic, etc) and nanostructured (patterned) surfaces, we have investigated anionic surface initiated polymerization (SIP) on a variety of surfaces. Understanding the surface chemistry issues involved is critical for future applications and protocols. SIP of polystyrene from Silicate and clay nanoparticles surfaces have been made by the living anionic polymerization method with 1, 1-diphenylethylene (DPE) initiation sites attached to nanoparticle surfaces using chlorosilane and amino functional groups. Model studies were initially done on flat Si-wafer surface and recently with Au surfaces. For the nanoparticles, the grafted polymers were cleaved and characterized by FTIR, NMR, AFM, TGA and SEC. Polymers grafted from nanoparticle surfaces show higher polydispersity and lower molecular weight than those formed in solution. We observed that diffusion of the monomer, stability of the initiator attachment to the surface, and aggregation of the particles controls the properties of the grafted polymers on particle surfaces. On the other hand, the use of the anionic polymerization method on surfaces allows the possibility of combining a variety of polymers (organic) with various nanoparticle and surfaces (inorganic) for the preparation of hybrid nanocomposite materials.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Volume676
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
Demonstrations
polymerization
Polymerization
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
preparation
Polymers
polymers
Anionic polymerization
chlorosilanes
Silicates
Living polymerization
Organic polymers
Metal nanoparticles
Polystyrenes
Hybrid materials
Polydispersity
Surface chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

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title = "Surface initiated polymerization (SIP) on nanoparticle surfaces: Demonstration of first principles and preparation of nanocomposite materials",
abstract = "To investigate the grafting of polymer chains onto nanoparticles (metal, semi-conductor, inorganic, etc) and nanostructured (patterned) surfaces, we have investigated anionic surface initiated polymerization (SIP) on a variety of surfaces. Understanding the surface chemistry issues involved is critical for future applications and protocols. SIP of polystyrene from Silicate and clay nanoparticles surfaces have been made by the living anionic polymerization method with 1, 1-diphenylethylene (DPE) initiation sites attached to nanoparticle surfaces using chlorosilane and amino functional groups. Model studies were initially done on flat Si-wafer surface and recently with Au surfaces. For the nanoparticles, the grafted polymers were cleaved and characterized by FTIR, NMR, AFM, TGA and SEC. Polymers grafted from nanoparticle surfaces show higher polydispersity and lower molecular weight than those formed in solution. We observed that diffusion of the monomer, stability of the initiator attachment to the surface, and aggregation of the particles controls the properties of the grafted polymers on particle surfaces. On the other hand, the use of the anionic polymerization method on surfaces allows the possibility of combining a variety of polymers (organic) with various nanoparticle and surfaces (inorganic) for the preparation of hybrid nanocomposite materials.",
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T2 - Demonstration of first principles and preparation of nanocomposite materials

AU - Advincula, Rigoberto

AU - Zhou, Qingye

AU - Mays, Jimmy

PY - 2001

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N2 - To investigate the grafting of polymer chains onto nanoparticles (metal, semi-conductor, inorganic, etc) and nanostructured (patterned) surfaces, we have investigated anionic surface initiated polymerization (SIP) on a variety of surfaces. Understanding the surface chemistry issues involved is critical for future applications and protocols. SIP of polystyrene from Silicate and clay nanoparticles surfaces have been made by the living anionic polymerization method with 1, 1-diphenylethylene (DPE) initiation sites attached to nanoparticle surfaces using chlorosilane and amino functional groups. Model studies were initially done on flat Si-wafer surface and recently with Au surfaces. For the nanoparticles, the grafted polymers were cleaved and characterized by FTIR, NMR, AFM, TGA and SEC. Polymers grafted from nanoparticle surfaces show higher polydispersity and lower molecular weight than those formed in solution. We observed that diffusion of the monomer, stability of the initiator attachment to the surface, and aggregation of the particles controls the properties of the grafted polymers on particle surfaces. On the other hand, the use of the anionic polymerization method on surfaces allows the possibility of combining a variety of polymers (organic) with various nanoparticle and surfaces (inorganic) for the preparation of hybrid nanocomposite materials.

AB - To investigate the grafting of polymer chains onto nanoparticles (metal, semi-conductor, inorganic, etc) and nanostructured (patterned) surfaces, we have investigated anionic surface initiated polymerization (SIP) on a variety of surfaces. Understanding the surface chemistry issues involved is critical for future applications and protocols. SIP of polystyrene from Silicate and clay nanoparticles surfaces have been made by the living anionic polymerization method with 1, 1-diphenylethylene (DPE) initiation sites attached to nanoparticle surfaces using chlorosilane and amino functional groups. Model studies were initially done on flat Si-wafer surface and recently with Au surfaces. For the nanoparticles, the grafted polymers were cleaved and characterized by FTIR, NMR, AFM, TGA and SEC. Polymers grafted from nanoparticle surfaces show higher polydispersity and lower molecular weight than those formed in solution. We observed that diffusion of the monomer, stability of the initiator attachment to the surface, and aggregation of the particles controls the properties of the grafted polymers on particle surfaces. On the other hand, the use of the anionic polymerization method on surfaces allows the possibility of combining a variety of polymers (organic) with various nanoparticle and surfaces (inorganic) for the preparation of hybrid nanocomposite materials.

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