Survey tool for rapid assessment of socio-economic vulnerability of fishing communities in Vietnam to climate change

John Erick Avelino, Richard Nathan Crichton, Ven Paolo Valenzuela, Merenchi Galappaththige Nipuni Odara, Michael Adrian Triguero Padilla, Nguyen Kiet, Dang Hoang Anh, Pham Cam Van, Ho Dac Bao, Nguyen Hoang Phuong Thao, Mai Thi Yen Linh, Pham Thi Phuoc Hoai, Nguyen Danh Thao, Motoharu Onuki, Miguel Esteban

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Abstract

Climate change will likely affect the effectiveness of future management of coastal ecosystems, impacting communities that reside within the coastal area. In order to formulate appropriate adaptation counter-measures it is important to understand the actual vulnerability of the communities that depend on these ecosystems. The present research proposes a tool for assessing the vulnerability of coastal communities to climate change by combining survey results with secondary and observed data available from national and local governments. The study focused on fisheries, given that they constitute the source of livelihood for many communities in developing countries such as Vietnam. The results showed that two coastal wards in Binh Thuan province, Vietnam, are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, mainly because of their dependence on fisheries and the topography of the area. The seasonality of their source of livelihood affects the adaptive capacity of residents, making it less likely that they will be able to successfully adapt to changes in fishery resources that could be brought about by climate change. The results also showed that the communities are particularly vulnerable to sea level rise, given that they are both located in the immediate vicinity of the sea and are particularly low in elevation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number452
JournalGeosciences (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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Keywords

  • Climate change adaptation
  • Coastal adaptation
  • Fisheries
  • Sea level rise
  • Vulnerability assessment tool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Avelino, J. E., Crichton, R. N., Valenzuela, V. P., Odara, M. G. N., Padilla, M. A. T., Kiet, N., Anh, D. H., Van, P. C., Bao, H. D., Thao, N. H. P., Linh, M. T. Y., Hoai, P. T. P., Thao, N. D., Onuki, M., & Esteban, M. (2018). Survey tool for rapid assessment of socio-economic vulnerability of fishing communities in Vietnam to climate change. Geosciences (Switzerland), 8(12), [452]. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120452