Synthesis, characterization and formation mechanism of single-crystal WO3 nanosheets via an intercalation-chemistry-based route

De Liang Chen, Hai Long Wang, Rui Zhang, Shao Kang Guan, Hong Xia Lu, Hong Liang Xu, Dao Yuan Yang, Yoshiyuki Sugahara, Lian Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this work an intercalation-chemistry-based method to synthesize tungstate and tungsten oxide nanosheets was described. A layered bismuth tungstate (Bi2W2O9) was used as the W-containing starting material. After the bismuth oxide layers were leached by a chloride acid, a protonated form, H2W2O7·xH2O with sizes of 5-15μm, was achieved. The intercalation reaction of n-octylamine with H2W2O7·xH2O in heptane and the subsequent dissolution-recrystallization process led to the formation of tungstate-based inorganic organic hybrid nanobelts. Orthorhombic WO3·H2O nanosheets were obtained by removing the organic species of the as-obtained hybrid nanobelts. After the dehydration of the as-obtained WO3·H2O nanosheets at 250-450°C, monoclinic WO3 nanosheets were achieved. The results of XRD, TEM and SEM indicate that the obtained WO3·H2O and WO3 were single-crystalline nanosheets with areas of (200-500) nm × (200-500) nm and thicknesses of 10-30 nm. The SAED patterns suggest that the WO3·H2O and WO3 nanosheets possessed a reduced directions of [010] and [001], respectively. N2 adsorption measurement results indicate that the specific surface areas of the as-obtained WO3·H2O and WO3 nanosheets were up to 250 and 180 m /g, respectively. The formation mechanisms for hybrid nanobelts, WO3·H2O and WO3 nanosheets were discussed. The proposed novel route was efficient in producing two-dimensional WO3 nanosheets on a large scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1330
Number of pages6
JournalGaodeng Xuexiao Huaxue Xuebao/Chemical Journal of Chinese Universities
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul 1


  • Inorganic-organic hybrid nanobelt
  • Intercalation chemistry
  • Layered compound
  • Nanosheet
  • Tungsten oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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