Synthesis of block copolymers based on the alternating anionic copolymerization of styrene and 1,3-cyclohexadiene

D. T. Williamson, T. D. Buchanan, C. L. Elkins, Timothy Edward Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of poly(1,3-cyclohexadiene-alt-styrene)-containing block copolymers that exhibited predictable molecular weights and narrow molecular weight distributions were synthesized with various 1,3-cyclohexadiene contents (13-57 mol %). In situ FTIR spectroscopy in combination with the Mayo-Lewis graphical method was employed to determine the reactivity ratios for the anionic copolymerization of styrene and 1,3-cyclohexadiene. The reactivity ratios for 1,3-cyclohexadiene and styrene were 0.022 and 0.024, respectively, which indicated the formation of an alternating copolymer. The alternating copolymers served as suitable precursors for chemical modification and were either quantitatively aromatized or hydrogenated in a controlled fashion. The thermal stabilities of the modified copolymers were determined, and as expected, the hydrogenated copolymers exhibited improved thermal stability compared to that of poly(1,3-cyclohexadiene-alt-styrene)-containing block copolymers. However, the aromatized copolymers unexpectedly exhibited reduced thermal stability in both nitrogen and oxygen environments due to the introduction of labile benzylic hydrogens in the repeating unit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4505-4511
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun 15
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Styrene
Copolymerization
Block copolymers
Copolymers
Thermodynamic stability
Chemical modification
Molecular weight distribution
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Molecular weight
1,3-cyclohexadiene
Spectroscopy
Oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis of block copolymers based on the alternating anionic copolymerization of styrene and 1,3-cyclohexadiene. / Williamson, D. T.; Buchanan, T. D.; Elkins, C. L.; Long, Timothy Edward.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 37, No. 12, 15.06.2004, p. 4505-4511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Williamson, D. T. ; Buchanan, T. D. ; Elkins, C. L. ; Long, Timothy Edward. / Synthesis of block copolymers based on the alternating anionic copolymerization of styrene and 1,3-cyclohexadiene. In: Macromolecules. 2004 ; Vol. 37, No. 12. pp. 4505-4511.
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