Synthesis of imidazolium-containing aba triblock copolymers: Role of charge placement, charge density, and ionic liquid incorporation

Matthew D. Green, Jae Hong Choi, Karen I. Winey, Timothy Edward Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Imidazole-based ABA triblock copolymers prepared using nitroxide-mediated polymerization achieved a microphase-separated morphology with ion-conducting central blocks. Difunctional random poly(1-(4-vinylbenzyl)imidazole-co-n-butyl acrylate) (poly(VBIm-co-nBA)) central blocks provided low glass transition temperature (T g) phases for ion conduction, and subsequent chain extension for polystyrene external blocks provided mechanical reinforcement. Selective incorporation of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulfate ([EMIm][EtSO 4]) into the random poly(VBIm-co-nBA) central blocks reduced the T g of both neutral and charged imidazole-containing central blocks. Mechanical properties for ABA triblock copolymers depended on quaternization, central block composition, and ionic liquid incorporation. Ionic conductivity increased over an order of magnitude due to quaternization of imidazole and additional ionic liquid. Tuning central block composition, charge content, and ionic liquid content provided an avenue to tailor the thermomechanical properties and ionic conductivity of ABA triblock copolymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4749-4757
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecules
Volume45
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 12
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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