Lithium sulfide (Li2S) is considered to be a promising cathode material for safer energy storage cells due to its compatibility with Li metal-free anodes. However, challenges remain regarding the insulating nature of Li2S, which leads to poor electrochemical performance, currently making Li2S electrodes far from practical in real-world applications. Herein we present a chemical method to synthesize Li2S nanoflake wrapped carbon material, Ketjenblack (LS@KB) composite, which can be coated on different current collectors without the addition of a binder. The high contact area between KB nanoparticles and Li2S nanoflakes effectively improves the cathode's conductivity, which contributes to a high Li2S weight ratio (83%). In addition, we prove that the well wrapped LS@KB structure enhances the physical confinement of polysulfides, leading to improved cyclability. As a result, the synthesized LS@KB cathode delivers stable cyclability (1000 cycles) with a fading rate of 0.03% per cycle at 0.5 C-rate. This room temperature fabrication strategy conquers the major drawbacks existing in Li2S fabrication, such as high temperature, hazardous gas release, complex and high-cost production process, making it a promising cathode material for light and safe portable electronic devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry