Synthesis of Platinum Nanoparticles by Reductive Crystallization Using Polyethyleneimine

Hideyuki Nagao, Masumi Ichiji, Izumi Hirasawa

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    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Sub-10-nm-sized Pt nanoparticles were synthesized by reducing Pt ions with NaBH4, with the addition of polyethyleneimine (PEI) as a protective reagent. Well-dispersed Pt nanoparticles with a narrow size distribution were successfully produced. When lowering the pH of the PEI solution, cubic and tetrahedral nanoparticles were observed, while at a higher pH, only spherical nanoparticles were produced. In addition, by selecting a suitable concentration of PEI, the protective reagent itself can reduce Pt ions to generate Pt nanoparticles with diameters in the range of 12.9–70.7 nm. This shows the potential of one-pot synthesis of Pt nanoparticles by just adding Pt ions and PEI.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1242-1246
    Number of pages5
    JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
    Volume40
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 1

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    Keywords

    • Crystal size distribution
    • Platinum nanoparticles
    • Polyethyleneimine
    • Reductive crystallization

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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