Synthesis of Polycyclic and Cage Siloxanes by Hydrolysis and Intramolecular Condensation of Alkoxysilylated Cyclosiloxanes

Tomoaki Sugiyama, Hiroya Shiba, Masashi Yoshikawa, Hiroaki Wada, Atsushi Shimojima, Kazuyuki Kuroda

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    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The controlled synthesis of oligosiloxanes with well-defined structures is important for the bottom-up design of siloxane-based nanomaterials. This work reports the synthesis of various polycyclic and cage siloxanes by the hydrolysis and intramolecular condensation of monocyclic tetra- and hexasiloxanes functionalized with various alkoxysilyl groups. An investigation of monoalkoxysilylated cyclosiloxanes revealed that intramolecular condensation occurred preferentially between adjacent alkoxysilyl groups to form new tetrasiloxane rings. The study of dialkoxy- and trialkoxysilylated cyclotetrasiloxanes revealed multistep intramolecular condensation reactions to form cubic octasiloxanes in relatively high yields. Unlike conventional methods starting from organosilane monomers, intramolecular condensation enables the introduction of different organic substituents in controlled arrangements. So-called Janus cubes have been successfully obtained, that is, Ph4R4Si8O12, in which R=Me, OSiMe3, and OSiMe2Vi (Vi=vinyl). These findings will enable the creation of siloxane-based materials with diverse functions.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalChemistry - A European Journal
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    Siloxanes
    Condensation
    Hydrolysis
    Condensation reactions
    Nanostructured materials
    Monomers

    Keywords

    • cage compounds
    • condensation reactions
    • intramolecular reactions
    • polycycles
    • siloxanes

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Catalysis
    • Organic Chemistry

    Cite this

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    title = "Synthesis of Polycyclic and Cage Siloxanes by Hydrolysis and Intramolecular Condensation of Alkoxysilylated Cyclosiloxanes",
    abstract = "The controlled synthesis of oligosiloxanes with well-defined structures is important for the bottom-up design of siloxane-based nanomaterials. This work reports the synthesis of various polycyclic and cage siloxanes by the hydrolysis and intramolecular condensation of monocyclic tetra- and hexasiloxanes functionalized with various alkoxysilyl groups. An investigation of monoalkoxysilylated cyclosiloxanes revealed that intramolecular condensation occurred preferentially between adjacent alkoxysilyl groups to form new tetrasiloxane rings. The study of dialkoxy- and trialkoxysilylated cyclotetrasiloxanes revealed multistep intramolecular condensation reactions to form cubic octasiloxanes in relatively high yields. Unlike conventional methods starting from organosilane monomers, intramolecular condensation enables the introduction of different organic substituents in controlled arrangements. So-called Janus cubes have been successfully obtained, that is, Ph4R4Si8O12, in which R=Me, OSiMe3, and OSiMe2Vi (Vi=vinyl). These findings will enable the creation of siloxane-based materials with diverse functions.",
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    AU - Sugiyama, Tomoaki

    AU - Shiba, Hiroya

    AU - Yoshikawa, Masashi

    AU - Wada, Hiroaki

    AU - Shimojima, Atsushi

    AU - Kuroda, Kazuyuki

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    N2 - The controlled synthesis of oligosiloxanes with well-defined structures is important for the bottom-up design of siloxane-based nanomaterials. This work reports the synthesis of various polycyclic and cage siloxanes by the hydrolysis and intramolecular condensation of monocyclic tetra- and hexasiloxanes functionalized with various alkoxysilyl groups. An investigation of monoalkoxysilylated cyclosiloxanes revealed that intramolecular condensation occurred preferentially between adjacent alkoxysilyl groups to form new tetrasiloxane rings. The study of dialkoxy- and trialkoxysilylated cyclotetrasiloxanes revealed multistep intramolecular condensation reactions to form cubic octasiloxanes in relatively high yields. Unlike conventional methods starting from organosilane monomers, intramolecular condensation enables the introduction of different organic substituents in controlled arrangements. So-called Janus cubes have been successfully obtained, that is, Ph4R4Si8O12, in which R=Me, OSiMe3, and OSiMe2Vi (Vi=vinyl). These findings will enable the creation of siloxane-based materials with diverse functions.

    AB - The controlled synthesis of oligosiloxanes with well-defined structures is important for the bottom-up design of siloxane-based nanomaterials. This work reports the synthesis of various polycyclic and cage siloxanes by the hydrolysis and intramolecular condensation of monocyclic tetra- and hexasiloxanes functionalized with various alkoxysilyl groups. An investigation of monoalkoxysilylated cyclosiloxanes revealed that intramolecular condensation occurred preferentially between adjacent alkoxysilyl groups to form new tetrasiloxane rings. The study of dialkoxy- and trialkoxysilylated cyclotetrasiloxanes revealed multistep intramolecular condensation reactions to form cubic octasiloxanes in relatively high yields. Unlike conventional methods starting from organosilane monomers, intramolecular condensation enables the introduction of different organic substituents in controlled arrangements. So-called Janus cubes have been successfully obtained, that is, Ph4R4Si8O12, in which R=Me, OSiMe3, and OSiMe2Vi (Vi=vinyl). These findings will enable the creation of siloxane-based materials with diverse functions.

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