Synthesis of silylated derivatives of a layered polysilicate kanemite with mono-, di-, and trichloro(alkyl)silanes

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    Abstract

    Interlayer modification of a layered polysilicate kanemite was performed by silylation with mono-, di-, and trichloro(alkyl)silanes. The introduction of silyl groups into the interlayer region was confirmed by XRD, IR, 13C NMR, and 29Si NMR. The layered structures of the silylated products were confirmed by swelling behavior upon adsorption of n-alkyl alcohols. The amounts of attached alkylsilyl groups varied with the number of functional groups as well as the alkyl chain length in the silylating agents. The products modified with alkyltrichlorosilanes exhibited various interlayer structures due to the different arrangements and/or conformations of the alkyl chains, depending on the chain lengths. The BET surface areas were relatively large (up to ∼480 m2 g-1) when short-chain alkyltrichlorosilanes were used, and decreased substantially to nonporous structures with increasing chain length. In addition to the inherent six-membered rings in the single layered silicate sheets of kanemite, new five- and six-membered rings were formed onto the silicate frameworks when dichloro- and trichlorosilanes were used for silylation. This leads to a new method for constructing novel organosilicate nanomaterials utilizing layered silicates.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3603-3609
    Number of pages7
    JournalChemistry of Materials
    Volume13
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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    Silanes
    Silicates
    Chain length
    Derivatives
    Nuclear magnetic resonance
    Nanostructured materials
    Functional groups
    Swelling
    Conformations
    Alcohols
    Adsorption

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Chemistry
    • Materials Science(all)

    Cite this

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    title = "Synthesis of silylated derivatives of a layered polysilicate kanemite with mono-, di-, and trichloro(alkyl)silanes",
    abstract = "Interlayer modification of a layered polysilicate kanemite was performed by silylation with mono-, di-, and trichloro(alkyl)silanes. The introduction of silyl groups into the interlayer region was confirmed by XRD, IR, 13C NMR, and 29Si NMR. The layered structures of the silylated products were confirmed by swelling behavior upon adsorption of n-alkyl alcohols. The amounts of attached alkylsilyl groups varied with the number of functional groups as well as the alkyl chain length in the silylating agents. The products modified with alkyltrichlorosilanes exhibited various interlayer structures due to the different arrangements and/or conformations of the alkyl chains, depending on the chain lengths. The BET surface areas were relatively large (up to ∼480 m2 g-1) when short-chain alkyltrichlorosilanes were used, and decreased substantially to nonporous structures with increasing chain length. In addition to the inherent six-membered rings in the single layered silicate sheets of kanemite, new five- and six-membered rings were formed onto the silicate frameworks when dichloro- and trichlorosilanes were used for silylation. This leads to a new method for constructing novel organosilicate nanomaterials utilizing layered silicates.",
    author = "Atsushi Shimojima and D. Mochizuki and Kazuyuki Kuroda",
    year = "2001",
    doi = "10.1021/cm010103w",
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    T1 - Synthesis of silylated derivatives of a layered polysilicate kanemite with mono-, di-, and trichloro(alkyl)silanes

    AU - Shimojima, Atsushi

    AU - Mochizuki, D.

    AU - Kuroda, Kazuyuki

    PY - 2001

    Y1 - 2001

    N2 - Interlayer modification of a layered polysilicate kanemite was performed by silylation with mono-, di-, and trichloro(alkyl)silanes. The introduction of silyl groups into the interlayer region was confirmed by XRD, IR, 13C NMR, and 29Si NMR. The layered structures of the silylated products were confirmed by swelling behavior upon adsorption of n-alkyl alcohols. The amounts of attached alkylsilyl groups varied with the number of functional groups as well as the alkyl chain length in the silylating agents. The products modified with alkyltrichlorosilanes exhibited various interlayer structures due to the different arrangements and/or conformations of the alkyl chains, depending on the chain lengths. The BET surface areas were relatively large (up to ∼480 m2 g-1) when short-chain alkyltrichlorosilanes were used, and decreased substantially to nonporous structures with increasing chain length. In addition to the inherent six-membered rings in the single layered silicate sheets of kanemite, new five- and six-membered rings were formed onto the silicate frameworks when dichloro- and trichlorosilanes were used for silylation. This leads to a new method for constructing novel organosilicate nanomaterials utilizing layered silicates.

    AB - Interlayer modification of a layered polysilicate kanemite was performed by silylation with mono-, di-, and trichloro(alkyl)silanes. The introduction of silyl groups into the interlayer region was confirmed by XRD, IR, 13C NMR, and 29Si NMR. The layered structures of the silylated products were confirmed by swelling behavior upon adsorption of n-alkyl alcohols. The amounts of attached alkylsilyl groups varied with the number of functional groups as well as the alkyl chain length in the silylating agents. The products modified with alkyltrichlorosilanes exhibited various interlayer structures due to the different arrangements and/or conformations of the alkyl chains, depending on the chain lengths. The BET surface areas were relatively large (up to ∼480 m2 g-1) when short-chain alkyltrichlorosilanes were used, and decreased substantially to nonporous structures with increasing chain length. In addition to the inherent six-membered rings in the single layered silicate sheets of kanemite, new five- and six-membered rings were formed onto the silicate frameworks when dichloro- and trichlorosilanes were used for silylation. This leads to a new method for constructing novel organosilicate nanomaterials utilizing layered silicates.

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