Testing the EpeakE iso relation for GRBs detected by Swift and Suzaku-WAM

H. A. Krimm, K. Yamaoka, S. Sugita, M. Ohno, T. Sakamoto, S. D. Barthelmy, N. Gehrels, R. Hara, J. P. Norris, N. Ohmori, K. Onda, G. Sato, H. Tanaka, M. Tashiro, M. Yamauchi

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Abstract

One of the most prominent, yet controversial associations derived from the ensemble of prompt-phase observations of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is the apparent correlation in the source frame between the peak energy (E peak) of the νF(ν) spectrum and the isotropic radiated energy, E iso. Since most GRBs have E peak above the energy range (15-150 keV) of the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) on Swift, determining accurate E peak values for large numbers of Swift bursts has been difficult. However, by combining data from Swift/BAT and the Suzaku Wide-band All-Sky Monitor (WAM), which covers the energy range from 50 to 5000 keV, for bursts which are simultaneously detected, one can accurately fit E peak and E iso and test the relationship between them for the Swift sample. Between the launch of Suzaku in 2005 July and the end of 2009 April, there were 48 GRBs that triggered both Swift/BAT and WAM, and an additional 48 bursts that triggered Swift and were detected by WAM, but did not trigger. A BAT-WAM team has cross-calibrated the two instruments using GRBs, and we are now able to perform joint fits on these bursts to determine their spectral parameters. For those bursts with spectroscopic redshifts, we can also calculate the isotropic energy. Here, we present the results of joint Swift/BAT-Suzaku/WAM spectral fits for 91 of the bursts detected by the two instruments. We show that the distribution of spectral fit parameters is consistent with distributions from earlier missions and confirm that Swift bursts are consistent with earlier reported relationships between E peak and isotropic energy. We show through time-resolved spectroscopy that individual burst pulses are also consistent with this relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1405-1432
Number of pages28
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume704
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Keywords

  • Gamma rays: bursts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Krimm, H. A., Yamaoka, K., Sugita, S., Ohno, M., Sakamoto, T., Barthelmy, S. D., Gehrels, N., Hara, R., Norris, J. P., Ohmori, N., Onda, K., Sato, G., Tanaka, H., Tashiro, M., & Yamauchi, M. (2009). Testing the EpeakE iso relation for GRBs detected by Swift and Suzaku-WAM. Astrophysical Journal, 704(2), 1405-1432. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/704/2/1405