TG and TG-MS methods for studies of the reaction between metal oxide and brominated flame retardant in various atmospheres

Sylwia Oleszek, Mariusz Grzegorz Grabda, Etsuro Shibata, Takashi Nakamura

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12 Citations (Scopus)


TG and TG-MS measurements were used to investigate the reactivity of ZnO with HBr originating from thermal degradation of TBBPA and with SbBr 3 under various atmospheres. It was found, that the HBr is an excellent brominating agent for ZnO and separates zinc as a volatile bromide (50 and 70% in He and He + 5 vol% O 2, respectively) from the solid residue. In inert atmosphere the formed char plays an important role as reduction agent for remaining ZnO into metallic Zn, which vaporizes completely from the residue above 890 °C. In presence of oxygen, the char is oxidized into CO and CO 2 and un-reacted ZnO remains. Bromination efficiency from thermal treatment of SbBr 3 + ZnO in He is about 14% only. Such low efficiency may results from highly volatile SbBr 3 sublimating from the mixture above 100 °C and its high ability to form thermally stable oxybromide compound (Sb 8O 11Br 2). Simultaneous TG-MS measurements indicate that the presence of ZnO strongly influences the TBBPA degradation pathway and causes enhancement of char formation. Catalyzing effect of ZnO on evaporation of SbBr 3 was also observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalThermochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 10
Externally publishedYes



  • BFR plastics recycling
  • TBBPA degradation
  • Thermal analysis
  • Zinc oxide bromination
  • Zinc recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Instrumentation

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