TG and TG-MS methods for studies of the reaction between metal oxide and brominated flame retardant in various atmospheres

Sylwia Oleszek, Mariusz Grzegorz Grabda, Etsuro Shibata, Takashi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

TG and TG-MS measurements were used to investigate the reactivity of ZnO with HBr originating from thermal degradation of TBBPA and with SbBr 3 under various atmospheres. It was found, that the HBr is an excellent brominating agent for ZnO and separates zinc as a volatile bromide (50 and 70% in He and He + 5 vol% O 2, respectively) from the solid residue. In inert atmosphere the formed char plays an important role as reduction agent for remaining ZnO into metallic Zn, which vaporizes completely from the residue above 890 °C. In presence of oxygen, the char is oxidized into CO and CO 2 and un-reacted ZnO remains. Bromination efficiency from thermal treatment of SbBr 3 + ZnO in He is about 14% only. Such low efficiency may results from highly volatile SbBr 3 sublimating from the mixture above 100 °C and its high ability to form thermally stable oxybromide compound (Sb 8O 11Br 2). Simultaneous TG-MS measurements indicate that the presence of ZnO strongly influences the TBBPA degradation pathway and causes enhancement of char formation. Catalyzing effect of ZnO on evaporation of SbBr 3 was also observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalThermochimica Acta
Volume527
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 10
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Flame Retardants
flame retardants
Flame retardants
Carbon Monoxide
Oxides
metal oxides
Metals
bromination
atmospheres
inert atmosphere
thermal degradation
Bromides
Zinc
bromides
Evaporation
Pyrolysis
reactivity
zinc
Heat treatment
evaporation

Keywords

  • BFR plastics recycling
  • TBBPA degradation
  • Thermal analysis
  • Zinc oxide bromination
  • Zinc recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

TG and TG-MS methods for studies of the reaction between metal oxide and brominated flame retardant in various atmospheres. / Oleszek, Sylwia; Grabda, Mariusz Grzegorz; Shibata, Etsuro; Nakamura, Takashi.

In: Thermochimica Acta, Vol. 527, 10.01.2012, p. 13-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oleszek, Sylwia ; Grabda, Mariusz Grzegorz ; Shibata, Etsuro ; Nakamura, Takashi. / TG and TG-MS methods for studies of the reaction between metal oxide and brominated flame retardant in various atmospheres. In: Thermochimica Acta. 2012 ; Vol. 527. pp. 13-21.
@article{88e58695fc244025b2b6c4fa9c4d792a,
title = "TG and TG-MS methods for studies of the reaction between metal oxide and brominated flame retardant in various atmospheres",
abstract = "TG and TG-MS measurements were used to investigate the reactivity of ZnO with HBr originating from thermal degradation of TBBPA and with SbBr 3 under various atmospheres. It was found, that the HBr is an excellent brominating agent for ZnO and separates zinc as a volatile bromide (50 and 70{\%} in He and He + 5 vol{\%} O 2, respectively) from the solid residue. In inert atmosphere the formed char plays an important role as reduction agent for remaining ZnO into metallic Zn, which vaporizes completely from the residue above 890 °C. In presence of oxygen, the char is oxidized into CO and CO 2 and un-reacted ZnO remains. Bromination efficiency from thermal treatment of SbBr 3 + ZnO in He is about 14{\%} only. Such low efficiency may results from highly volatile SbBr 3 sublimating from the mixture above 100 °C and its high ability to form thermally stable oxybromide compound (Sb 8O 11Br 2). Simultaneous TG-MS measurements indicate that the presence of ZnO strongly influences the TBBPA degradation pathway and causes enhancement of char formation. Catalyzing effect of ZnO on evaporation of SbBr 3 was also observed.",
keywords = "BFR plastics recycling, TBBPA degradation, Thermal analysis, Zinc oxide bromination, Zinc recovery",
author = "Sylwia Oleszek and Grabda, {Mariusz Grzegorz} and Etsuro Shibata and Takashi Nakamura",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.tca.2011.09.014",
language = "English",
volume = "527",
pages = "13--21",
journal = "Thermochimica Acta",
issn = "0040-6031",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - TG and TG-MS methods for studies of the reaction between metal oxide and brominated flame retardant in various atmospheres

AU - Oleszek, Sylwia

AU - Grabda, Mariusz Grzegorz

AU - Shibata, Etsuro

AU - Nakamura, Takashi

PY - 2012/1/10

Y1 - 2012/1/10

N2 - TG and TG-MS measurements were used to investigate the reactivity of ZnO with HBr originating from thermal degradation of TBBPA and with SbBr 3 under various atmospheres. It was found, that the HBr is an excellent brominating agent for ZnO and separates zinc as a volatile bromide (50 and 70% in He and He + 5 vol% O 2, respectively) from the solid residue. In inert atmosphere the formed char plays an important role as reduction agent for remaining ZnO into metallic Zn, which vaporizes completely from the residue above 890 °C. In presence of oxygen, the char is oxidized into CO and CO 2 and un-reacted ZnO remains. Bromination efficiency from thermal treatment of SbBr 3 + ZnO in He is about 14% only. Such low efficiency may results from highly volatile SbBr 3 sublimating from the mixture above 100 °C and its high ability to form thermally stable oxybromide compound (Sb 8O 11Br 2). Simultaneous TG-MS measurements indicate that the presence of ZnO strongly influences the TBBPA degradation pathway and causes enhancement of char formation. Catalyzing effect of ZnO on evaporation of SbBr 3 was also observed.

AB - TG and TG-MS measurements were used to investigate the reactivity of ZnO with HBr originating from thermal degradation of TBBPA and with SbBr 3 under various atmospheres. It was found, that the HBr is an excellent brominating agent for ZnO and separates zinc as a volatile bromide (50 and 70% in He and He + 5 vol% O 2, respectively) from the solid residue. In inert atmosphere the formed char plays an important role as reduction agent for remaining ZnO into metallic Zn, which vaporizes completely from the residue above 890 °C. In presence of oxygen, the char is oxidized into CO and CO 2 and un-reacted ZnO remains. Bromination efficiency from thermal treatment of SbBr 3 + ZnO in He is about 14% only. Such low efficiency may results from highly volatile SbBr 3 sublimating from the mixture above 100 °C and its high ability to form thermally stable oxybromide compound (Sb 8O 11Br 2). Simultaneous TG-MS measurements indicate that the presence of ZnO strongly influences the TBBPA degradation pathway and causes enhancement of char formation. Catalyzing effect of ZnO on evaporation of SbBr 3 was also observed.

KW - BFR plastics recycling

KW - TBBPA degradation

KW - Thermal analysis

KW - Zinc oxide bromination

KW - Zinc recovery

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=83555166039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=83555166039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.tca.2011.09.014

DO - 10.1016/j.tca.2011.09.014

M3 - Article

VL - 527

SP - 13

EP - 21

JO - Thermochimica Acta

JF - Thermochimica Acta

SN - 0040-6031

ER -