The 22 month swift-bat all-sky hard x-ray survey

J. Tueller, W. H. Baumgartner, C. B. Markwardt, G. K. Skinner, R. F. Mushotzky, M. Ajello, S. Barthelmy, A. Beardmore, W. N. Brandt, D. Burrows, G. Chincarini, S. Campana, J. Cummings, G. Cusumano, P. Evans, E. Fenimore, N. Gehrels, O. Godet, D. Grupe, S. HollandJ. Kennea, H. A. Krimm, M. Koss, A. Moretti, K. Mukai, J. P. Osborne, T. Okajima, C. Pagani, K. Page, D. Palmer, A. Parsons, D. P. Schneider, T. Sakamoto, R. Sambruna, G. Sato, M. Stamatikos, M. Stroh, T. Ukwata, L. Winter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

176 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the catalog of sources detected in the first 22 months of data from the hard X-ray survey (14-195 keV) conducted with the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) coded mask imager on the Swift satellite. The catalog contains 461 sources detected above the 4.8σ level with BAT. High angular resolution X-ray data for every source from Swift-XRT or archival data have allowed associations to be made with known counterparts in other wavelength bands for over 97% of the detections, including the discovery of 30 galaxies previously unknown as active galactic nuclei and several new Galactic sources. A total of 266 of the sources are associated with Seyfert galaxies (median redshift z 0.03) or blazars, with the majority of the remaining sources associated with X-ray binaries in our Galaxy. This ongoing survey is the first uniform all-sky hard X-ray survey since HEAO-1 in 1977. Since the publication of the nine-month BAT survey we have increased the number of energy channels from four to eight and have substantially increased the number of sources with accurate average spectra. The BAT 22 month catalog is the product of the most sensitive all-sky survey in the hard X-ray band, with a detection sensitivity (4.8σ) of 2.2 × 10-11 erg cm-2 s-1 (1 mCrab) over most of the sky in the 14-195 keV band.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-405
Number of pages28
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume186
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

bats
bat
sky
bursts
telescopes
x rays
catalogs
HEAO 1
galaxies
erg
blazars
Seyfert galaxies
angular resolution
active galactic nuclei
wavelength
masks
energy
high resolution
products

Keywords

  • Cataclysmic variables
  • Catalogs
  • Galaxies: active
  • Gamma rays: observations
  • Novae
  • Surveys
  • X-rays: binaries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Tueller, J., Baumgartner, W. H., Markwardt, C. B., Skinner, G. K., Mushotzky, R. F., Ajello, M., ... Winter, L. (2010). The 22 month swift-bat all-sky hard x-ray survey. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 186(2), 378-405. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/186/2/378

The 22 month swift-bat all-sky hard x-ray survey. / Tueller, J.; Baumgartner, W. H.; Markwardt, C. B.; Skinner, G. K.; Mushotzky, R. F.; Ajello, M.; Barthelmy, S.; Beardmore, A.; Brandt, W. N.; Burrows, D.; Chincarini, G.; Campana, S.; Cummings, J.; Cusumano, G.; Evans, P.; Fenimore, E.; Gehrels, N.; Godet, O.; Grupe, D.; Holland, S.; Kennea, J.; Krimm, H. A.; Koss, M.; Moretti, A.; Mukai, K.; Osborne, J. P.; Okajima, T.; Pagani, C.; Page, K.; Palmer, D.; Parsons, A.; Schneider, D. P.; Sakamoto, T.; Sambruna, R.; Sato, G.; Stamatikos, M.; Stroh, M.; Ukwata, T.; Winter, L.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 186, No. 2, 2010, p. 378-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tueller, J, Baumgartner, WH, Markwardt, CB, Skinner, GK, Mushotzky, RF, Ajello, M, Barthelmy, S, Beardmore, A, Brandt, WN, Burrows, D, Chincarini, G, Campana, S, Cummings, J, Cusumano, G, Evans, P, Fenimore, E, Gehrels, N, Godet, O, Grupe, D, Holland, S, Kennea, J, Krimm, HA, Koss, M, Moretti, A, Mukai, K, Osborne, JP, Okajima, T, Pagani, C, Page, K, Palmer, D, Parsons, A, Schneider, DP, Sakamoto, T, Sambruna, R, Sato, G, Stamatikos, M, Stroh, M, Ukwata, T & Winter, L 2010, 'The 22 month swift-bat all-sky hard x-ray survey', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 186, no. 2, pp. 378-405. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/186/2/378
Tueller J, Baumgartner WH, Markwardt CB, Skinner GK, Mushotzky RF, Ajello M et al. The 22 month swift-bat all-sky hard x-ray survey. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2010;186(2):378-405. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/186/2/378
Tueller, J. ; Baumgartner, W. H. ; Markwardt, C. B. ; Skinner, G. K. ; Mushotzky, R. F. ; Ajello, M. ; Barthelmy, S. ; Beardmore, A. ; Brandt, W. N. ; Burrows, D. ; Chincarini, G. ; Campana, S. ; Cummings, J. ; Cusumano, G. ; Evans, P. ; Fenimore, E. ; Gehrels, N. ; Godet, O. ; Grupe, D. ; Holland, S. ; Kennea, J. ; Krimm, H. A. ; Koss, M. ; Moretti, A. ; Mukai, K. ; Osborne, J. P. ; Okajima, T. ; Pagani, C. ; Page, K. ; Palmer, D. ; Parsons, A. ; Schneider, D. P. ; Sakamoto, T. ; Sambruna, R. ; Sato, G. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stroh, M. ; Ukwata, T. ; Winter, L. / The 22 month swift-bat all-sky hard x-ray survey. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2010 ; Vol. 186, No. 2. pp. 378-405.
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abstract = "We present the catalog of sources detected in the first 22 months of data from the hard X-ray survey (14-195 keV) conducted with the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) coded mask imager on the Swift satellite. The catalog contains 461 sources detected above the 4.8σ level with BAT. High angular resolution X-ray data for every source from Swift-XRT or archival data have allowed associations to be made with known counterparts in other wavelength bands for over 97{\%} of the detections, including the discovery of 30 galaxies previously unknown as active galactic nuclei and several new Galactic sources. A total of 266 of the sources are associated with Seyfert galaxies (median redshift z 0.03) or blazars, with the majority of the remaining sources associated with X-ray binaries in our Galaxy. This ongoing survey is the first uniform all-sky hard X-ray survey since HEAO-1 in 1977. Since the publication of the nine-month BAT survey we have increased the number of energy channels from four to eight and have substantially increased the number of sources with accurate average spectra. The BAT 22 month catalog is the product of the most sensitive all-sky survey in the hard X-ray band, with a detection sensitivity (4.8σ) of 2.2 × 10-11 erg cm-2 s-1 (1 mCrab) over most of the sky in the 14-195 keV band.",
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T1 - The 22 month swift-bat all-sky hard x-ray survey

AU - Tueller, J.

AU - Baumgartner, W. H.

AU - Markwardt, C. B.

AU - Skinner, G. K.

AU - Mushotzky, R. F.

AU - Ajello, M.

AU - Barthelmy, S.

AU - Beardmore, A.

AU - Brandt, W. N.

AU - Burrows, D.

AU - Chincarini, G.

AU - Campana, S.

AU - Cummings, J.

AU - Cusumano, G.

AU - Evans, P.

AU - Fenimore, E.

AU - Gehrels, N.

AU - Godet, O.

AU - Grupe, D.

AU - Holland, S.

AU - Kennea, J.

AU - Krimm, H. A.

AU - Koss, M.

AU - Moretti, A.

AU - Mukai, K.

AU - Osborne, J. P.

AU - Okajima, T.

AU - Pagani, C.

AU - Page, K.

AU - Palmer, D.

AU - Parsons, A.

AU - Schneider, D. P.

AU - Sakamoto, T.

AU - Sambruna, R.

AU - Sato, G.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stroh, M.

AU - Ukwata, T.

AU - Winter, L.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We present the catalog of sources detected in the first 22 months of data from the hard X-ray survey (14-195 keV) conducted with the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) coded mask imager on the Swift satellite. The catalog contains 461 sources detected above the 4.8σ level with BAT. High angular resolution X-ray data for every source from Swift-XRT or archival data have allowed associations to be made with known counterparts in other wavelength bands for over 97% of the detections, including the discovery of 30 galaxies previously unknown as active galactic nuclei and several new Galactic sources. A total of 266 of the sources are associated with Seyfert galaxies (median redshift z 0.03) or blazars, with the majority of the remaining sources associated with X-ray binaries in our Galaxy. This ongoing survey is the first uniform all-sky hard X-ray survey since HEAO-1 in 1977. Since the publication of the nine-month BAT survey we have increased the number of energy channels from four to eight and have substantially increased the number of sources with accurate average spectra. The BAT 22 month catalog is the product of the most sensitive all-sky survey in the hard X-ray band, with a detection sensitivity (4.8σ) of 2.2 × 10-11 erg cm-2 s-1 (1 mCrab) over most of the sky in the 14-195 keV band.

AB - We present the catalog of sources detected in the first 22 months of data from the hard X-ray survey (14-195 keV) conducted with the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) coded mask imager on the Swift satellite. The catalog contains 461 sources detected above the 4.8σ level with BAT. High angular resolution X-ray data for every source from Swift-XRT or archival data have allowed associations to be made with known counterparts in other wavelength bands for over 97% of the detections, including the discovery of 30 galaxies previously unknown as active galactic nuclei and several new Galactic sources. A total of 266 of the sources are associated with Seyfert galaxies (median redshift z 0.03) or blazars, with the majority of the remaining sources associated with X-ray binaries in our Galaxy. This ongoing survey is the first uniform all-sky hard X-ray survey since HEAO-1 in 1977. Since the publication of the nine-month BAT survey we have increased the number of energy channels from four to eight and have substantially increased the number of sources with accurate average spectra. The BAT 22 month catalog is the product of the most sensitive all-sky survey in the hard X-ray band, with a detection sensitivity (4.8σ) of 2.2 × 10-11 erg cm-2 s-1 (1 mCrab) over most of the sky in the 14-195 keV band.

KW - Cataclysmic variables

KW - Catalogs

KW - Galaxies: active

KW - Gamma rays: observations

KW - Novae

KW - Surveys

KW - X-rays: binaries

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