The acute and chronic effects of isometric contraction conditioning on baseball bat velocity

Takatosh Higuchi, Tomoyuki Nagami, Nobuaki Mizuguchi, Tim Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Higuchi, T, Nagami, T, Mizuguchi, N, and Anderson, T. The acute and chronic effects of isometric contraction conditioning on baseball bat velocity. J Strength Cond Res 27(1): 216- 222, 2013-The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the acute change in bat velocity (BV) following three types of warm-up procedures for baseball hitting (experiment 1), and (b) the effect of an 8-week training program of isometric contraction conditioning (ISO) on BV (experiment 2). In experiment 1, the BV of 24 collegiate baseball players was measured before and after one of the three warm-up procedures; five standard bat (mass = 850.5 g) dry swings (SBS), five weighted bat (mass = 850.5 g + 680.4 g) dry swings (WBS), and four sets of 5-second maximal voluntary isometric contractions mimicking the bat swing movement pattern (ISO). BV was measured just before ball-bat impact. Experiment 2 followed experiment 1 and used only the ISO warm-up. Twelve of the 24 subjects formed the experimental group and underwent an 8-week training program (3 days per week) of ISO training. Results of experiment 1 indicated (a) no significant change in post-SBS BV (20.33 m.s21), (b) a significant decrease in post-WBS BV (20.89 m.s21; p < 0.05), and (c) a significant increase in post-ISO BV (+0.39 m.s21; p < 0.05). In experiment 2, there was a significant increase in baseline BV after the 8-week training period (30.21 ± 1.83 m.s21 to 31.15 ± 1.57 m.s21). A comparison of BV before and after ISO warm-up revealed that change was significantly greater after the training period (100.17 ± 3.18% vs. 103.75 ± 1.91%). Our results suggest that warm-up with WBS does not increase BV and that using the ISO has both acute and chronic positive effects on BV as a warm-up procedure to improve BV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-222
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan

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Baseball
Isometric Contraction
Education

Keywords

  • Hitting
  • Postactivation potentiation
  • Warm-up

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

The acute and chronic effects of isometric contraction conditioning on baseball bat velocity. / Higuchi, Takatosh; Nagami, Tomoyuki; Mizuguchi, Nobuaki; Anderson, Tim.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 216-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Higuchi, Takatosh ; Nagami, Tomoyuki ; Mizuguchi, Nobuaki ; Anderson, Tim. / The acute and chronic effects of isometric contraction conditioning on baseball bat velocity. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 216-222.
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abstract = "Higuchi, T, Nagami, T, Mizuguchi, N, and Anderson, T. The acute and chronic effects of isometric contraction conditioning on baseball bat velocity. J Strength Cond Res 27(1): 216- 222, 2013-The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the acute change in bat velocity (BV) following three types of warm-up procedures for baseball hitting (experiment 1), and (b) the effect of an 8-week training program of isometric contraction conditioning (ISO) on BV (experiment 2). In experiment 1, the BV of 24 collegiate baseball players was measured before and after one of the three warm-up procedures; five standard bat (mass = 850.5 g) dry swings (SBS), five weighted bat (mass = 850.5 g + 680.4 g) dry swings (WBS), and four sets of 5-second maximal voluntary isometric contractions mimicking the bat swing movement pattern (ISO). BV was measured just before ball-bat impact. Experiment 2 followed experiment 1 and used only the ISO warm-up. Twelve of the 24 subjects formed the experimental group and underwent an 8-week training program (3 days per week) of ISO training. Results of experiment 1 indicated (a) no significant change in post-SBS BV (20.33 m.s21), (b) a significant decrease in post-WBS BV (20.89 m.s21; p < 0.05), and (c) a significant increase in post-ISO BV (+0.39 m.s21; p < 0.05). In experiment 2, there was a significant increase in baseline BV after the 8-week training period (30.21 ± 1.83 m.s21 to 31.15 ± 1.57 m.s21). A comparison of BV before and after ISO warm-up revealed that change was significantly greater after the training period (100.17 ± 3.18{\%} vs. 103.75 ± 1.91{\%}). Our results suggest that warm-up with WBS does not increase BV and that using the ISO has both acute and chronic positive effects on BV as a warm-up procedure to improve BV.",
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