The association of family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy with specific hypertension self-care behaviours in Chinese local community

H. H. Hu, G. Li, T. Arao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study aimed to test the role of family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy on specific self-care behaviours. In a local community health center, 318 patients with hypertension completed a questionnaire assessing self-care, family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy in 2012. Each self-care behaviour was separately analyzed with logistic regression models. The mean score of perceived family social support for hypertension treatment was 20.91 (maximum=60). Adult children were identified as the primary support source. Approximately 22.3% and 15.4% of participants reported symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively. Participants had moderately positive levels of confidence performing self-care (42.1±13.3 out of 60). After adjusting for demographic and health variables, a 10-unit increase in family social support increased the odds ratio (OR) of taking medication by 1.39 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.87) and increased the OR for measuring blood pressure (BP) regularly by 1.33 (95% CI 1.02-1.74). Depression and anxiety were not associated with any self-care behaviours. A10-unit increase in self-efficacy increased the adjusted OR for performing physical exercise to 1.25 (95% CI 1.04-1.49). In conclusion, family social support was positively associated with medication adherence and regular BP measurement. Strategies to improve family social support should be developed for hypertension control, yet further prospective studies are needed to understand the effects of family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy on self-care behaviours.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)198-203
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
    Volume29
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    Self Efficacy
    Self Care
    Social Support
    Anxiety
    Depression
    Hypertension
    Odds Ratio
    Confidence Intervals
    Logistic Models
    Blood Pressure
    Community Health Centers
    Medication Adherence
    antineoplaston A10
    Adult Children
    Demography
    Prospective Studies
    Exercise
    Health

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Internal Medicine

    Cite this

    The association of family social support, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy with specific hypertension self-care behaviours in Chinese local community. / Hu, H. H.; Li, G.; Arao, T.

    In: Journal of Human Hypertension, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.01.2015, p. 198-203.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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