The associations between psychological distress and cancer prevention practices

Keiko Honda, Renee D. Goodwin, Alfred I. Neugut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to determine the extent to which psychological distress is associated with cancer prevention practices among otherwise healthy adults in the community (N = 30,223). Using data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey, a series of multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations between psychological distress and selected cancer prevention practices. Results indicate that psychological distress was directly associated with an increased likelihood of daily cigarette smoking, physical inactivity, and obesity. Only smoking status mediated the relation between psychological distress and perceived cancer risk. Individuals who reported higher psychological distress were more likely to engage in specific cancer screenings before reaching the recommended age. This effect was partially mediated by perceived cancer risk. The higher levels of cigarette smoking and physical inactivity among psychologically distressed adults support the need for integration of cancer prevention and mental health interventions to reduce specific cancer risk in high-risk adults. Further research is needed to differentiate the causal pathways and mechanisms linking heightened individual cancer risk, potentially comorbid mental disorders or psychological conditions, and cancer screening adherence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-36
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Detection and Prevention
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Psychology
Neoplasms
Smoking
Early Detection of Cancer
Health Surveys
Mental Disorders
Mental Health
Obesity
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Interviews
Research

Keywords

  • Cancer prevention behaviors
  • Epidemiology
  • Personal cancer risk
  • Psychological issues
  • Risk behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

The associations between psychological distress and cancer prevention practices. / Honda, Keiko; Goodwin, Renee D.; Neugut, Alfred I.

In: Cancer Detection and Prevention, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2005, p. 25-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Honda, Keiko ; Goodwin, Renee D. ; Neugut, Alfred I. / The associations between psychological distress and cancer prevention practices. In: Cancer Detection and Prevention. 2005 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 25-36.
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