The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) on the ISS: Preliminary results from on-orbit observations since October, 2015

CALET collaboration

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    Abstract

    The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) space experiment, which has been developed by Japan in collaboration with Italy and the United States, is a high-energy astroparticle physics mission on the International Space Station (ISS). The primary goals of the CALET mission include investigating the presence of possible nearby sources of high-energy electrons, studying the details of galactic particle propagation and searching for dark-matter signatures. During a two-year mission, extendable to five years, the CALET experiment is measuring the flux of cosmic-ray electrons (including positrons) to 20 TeV, gamma-rays to 10 TeV and nuclei with Z=1 to 40 up to 1,000 TeV. In addition, gamma-ray burst observations in the 7 keV to 20 MeV range, including searches for the electromagnetic counterparts to LIGO-VIRGO gravitational events, are carried out. Solar modulation study by detection of the electrons below cut-off rigidity is also a target of the observations. The instrument consists of two layers of segmented plastic scintillators for the cosmic-ray charge identification (CHD), a 3 radiation length thick tungsten/scintillating-fiber imaging calorimeter (IMC) and a 27 radiation length thick lead-tungstate calorimeter (TASC). CALET has sufficient depth, imaging capabilities and excellent energy resolution to allow for a clear separation between hadrons and electrons and between charged particles and gamma rays. The instrument was launched on August 19, 2015 to the ISS with HTV-5 (H2 Transfer Vehicle 5) and installed on the Japanese Experiment Module - Exposed Facility (JEM-EF) on August 25. Since the start of operation in mid-October, 2015, continuous observation has been carried out without any major interruption, mainly by triggering on high-energy (>10 GeV) showers. The number of triggered events is about 20 million per month. By using the data obtained so far, we will present a summary of preliminary results from the CALET observations on 1) Electron energy spectrum, 2) Proton and Nuclei spectra, 3) Gamma-ray observations, with results of the on-orbit performance study.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalProceedings of Science
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
    Event35th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2017 - Bexco, Busan, Korea, Republic of
    Duration: 2017 Jul 102017 Jul 20

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