The carB gene of Escherichia coli

a duplicated gene coding for the large subunit of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase.

Hiroshi Nyunoya, C. J. Lusty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous genetic and biochemical studies indicate that the carB gene of Escherichia coli codes for the large subunit of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase (EC 6.3.5.5). We have determined the nucleotide sequence of a 4-kilobase-pair cloned fragment of E. coli DNA with genetic determinants for carB. The DNA sequence is a 3,219-nucleotide-long reading frame. The polypeptide encoded by this reading frame has been verified to be the large subunit of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase. The gene product is similar to the large subunit in its molecular weight, amino acid composition and amino-terminal residue, and carboxyl-terminal sequence. The amino acid sequence derived from the nucleotide sequence shows a highly significant homology between the amino- and carboxyl-terminal halves of the protein. We propose that the carB gene was formed by an internal duplication of a smaller ancestral gene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4629-4633
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume80
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1983 Aug
Externally publishedYes

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Carbamyl Phosphate
Ligases
Escherichia coli
Reading Frames
Genes
Molecular Biology
Amino Acid Sequence
Nucleotides
Molecular Weight
Amino Acids
Peptides
DNA
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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abstract = "Previous genetic and biochemical studies indicate that the carB gene of Escherichia coli codes for the large subunit of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase (EC 6.3.5.5). We have determined the nucleotide sequence of a 4-kilobase-pair cloned fragment of E. coli DNA with genetic determinants for carB. The DNA sequence is a 3,219-nucleotide-long reading frame. The polypeptide encoded by this reading frame has been verified to be the large subunit of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase. The gene product is similar to the large subunit in its molecular weight, amino acid composition and amino-terminal residue, and carboxyl-terminal sequence. The amino acid sequence derived from the nucleotide sequence shows a highly significant homology between the amino- and carboxyl-terminal halves of the protein. We propose that the carB gene was formed by an internal duplication of a smaller ancestral gene.",
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AB - Previous genetic and biochemical studies indicate that the carB gene of Escherichia coli codes for the large subunit of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase (EC 6.3.5.5). We have determined the nucleotide sequence of a 4-kilobase-pair cloned fragment of E. coli DNA with genetic determinants for carB. The DNA sequence is a 3,219-nucleotide-long reading frame. The polypeptide encoded by this reading frame has been verified to be the large subunit of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase. The gene product is similar to the large subunit in its molecular weight, amino acid composition and amino-terminal residue, and carboxyl-terminal sequence. The amino acid sequence derived from the nucleotide sequence shows a highly significant homology between the amino- and carboxyl-terminal halves of the protein. We propose that the carB gene was formed by an internal duplication of a smaller ancestral gene.

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