The construction process of the Angkor monuments elucidated by the magnetic susceptibility of sandstone

E. Uchida, O. Cunin, I. Shimoda, C. Suda, T. Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Angkor monuments in Cambodia are mainly constructed of grey to yellowish-brown sandstones. No differences in the constituent minerals and in the chemical composition of the sandstones have been confirmed among the monuments. However, we have found their magnetic susceptibility a useful parameter by which to distinguish them. The principal monuments of Angkor Wat, Ta Prohm, Preah Khan, Banteay Kdei and Bayon, constructed from the Angkor Wat period to the Bayon period (from the beginning of the 12th century to the beginning of the 13th century AD), were investigated in detail using a portable magnetic susceptibility meter. We succeeded in dividing the periods of construction into stages. This elucidated the enlargement process of the monuments and correlated their construction stages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-232
Number of pages12
JournalArchaeometry
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 1

Keywords

  • Angkor Wat
  • Angkor monuments
  • Banteay Kdei
  • Bayon
  • Cambodia
  • Magnetic susceptibility
  • Preah Khan
  • Sandstone
  • Ta Prohm
  • World cultural heritage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology

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