The creation of a new vowel category by adult learners after adaptive phonetic training

Izabelle Grenon, Mikio Kubota, Chris Sheppard

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Native Japanese speakers often perceive English vowels based on their duration, whereas native speakers use spectral cues (formant frequencies). The current study examined whether 23 Japanese adult learners of English could create a new vowel category along the spectral dimension after phonetic training with the English vowels /i/-/ɪ/ as in beat and bit. As in previous training studies, the Japanese trainees improved their ability to categorize the vowels in tokens included in the training, and were able to generalize to novel tokens and talkers. A cue-weighting task confirmed that the Japanese trainees categorized the vowels based on temporal cues before training, presumably because vowel duration is used phonologically in Japanese. While 12 of the Japanese trainees still relied on vowel duration to distinguish the English vowels after training, 11 of them successfully created a new vowel category along the spectral dimension. However, their category boundary between /i/-/ɪ/ was set at a different location from that of native speakers. We interpret these results as providing evidence that it is possible for late inexperienced learners to create new phonetic categories with phonetic training, but that the new categories may be subject to phonetic category dissimilation, an effect previously documented with early bilinguals.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)17-34
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Phonetics
    Volume72
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

    Fingerprint

    Phonetics
    phonetics
    Population Groups
    Cues
    trainee
    Aptitude
    weighting
    Adult Learners
    ability
    evidence
    English Vowels
    Spectrality

    Keywords

    • Cue-weighting
    • English vowels
    • Japanese
    • Perceptual learning
    • Phonetic training
    • Second language acquisition
    • Vowel perception

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Language and Linguistics
    • Linguistics and Language
    • Speech and Hearing

    Cite this

    The creation of a new vowel category by adult learners after adaptive phonetic training. / Grenon, Izabelle; Kubota, Mikio; Sheppard, Chris.

    In: Journal of Phonetics, Vol. 72, 01.01.2019, p. 17-34.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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