The Critical Effect of Niobium Doping on the Formation of Mesostructured TiO2: Single-Crystalline Ordered Mesoporous Nb-TiO2 and Plate-like Nb-TiO2 with Ordered Mesoscale Dimples

Masaki Kitahara, Yuta Shimasaki, Takamichi Matsuno, Yoshiyuki Kuroda, Atsushi Shimojima, Hiroaki Wada, Kazuyuki Kuroda*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Highly ordered mesoporous niobium-doped TiO2 with a single-crystalline framework was prepared by using silica colloidal crystals with ca. 30 nm in diameter as templates. The preparation of colloidal crystals composed of uniform silica nanoparticles is a key to obtain highly ordered mesoporous Nb-doped TiO2. The XPS measurements of Nb-doped TiO2 showed the presence of Nb5+ and correspondingly Ti3+. With the increase in the amount of doped Nb, the crystalline phase of the product was converted from rutile into anatase, and the lattice spacings of both rutile and anatase phases increased. Surprisingly, the increase in the amount of Nb led to the formation of plate-like TiO2 with dimpled surfaces on one side, which was directly replicated from the surfaces of the colloidal silica crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13073-13079
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1


  • niobium
  • oxides
  • porosity
  • template synthesis
  • titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry


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