The Crystal Quality and Surface Wettability of Various Tellurium-Based Chalcopyrite Layers Grown by the Closed Space Sublimation

Aya Uruno, Yohei Sakurakawa, Masakazu Kobayashi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    AgGaTe2, AgAlTe2, CuGaTe2, and Ag(Ga,Al)Te2 layers were deposited by the close spaced sublimation method. The surface morphology and crystal quality of these Te-based chalcopyrite layers were systematically evaluated. Controlling the stoichiometry of these layers grown by the closed space sublimation was very difficult because Te preferentially detached from the source materials during the sublimation process and then Te vapor leaked out from the reactor. To solve this problem, the gap between the lid and reactor boat was minimized, and the vapor was encapsulated. As a result, the crystal quality of the AgGaTe2 and AgAlTe2 was improved. However, the controlling stoichiometry of CuGaTe2 remained difficult even after the Te vapor leakage was minimized. This behavior was attributed to the large vapor pressure difference between Cu and Te. The surface morphology of the grown AgGaTe2 and CuGaTe2 layers exhibited scattered grain structure, while that of AgAlTe2 possessed a continuous film structure. These different surface structures contributed to differing wettability between the chalcopyrite materials and substrates. It was found that AgAlTe2 exhibited a high wettability against a sapphire substrate, which promoted continuous film formation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-5
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jun 18

    Fingerprint

    Tellurium
    Sublimation
    tellurium
    wettability
    sublimation
    Wetting
    Vapors
    Stoichiometry
    Crystals
    Surface morphology
    vapors
    crystals
    stoichiometry
    Aluminum Oxide
    Crystal microstructure
    Leakage (fluid)
    reactors
    Boats
    Substrates
    Vapor pressure

    Keywords

    • Chalcopyrite
    • closed space sublimation
    • stoichiometry
    • wettability

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Materials Chemistry

    Cite this

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    title = "The Crystal Quality and Surface Wettability of Various Tellurium-Based Chalcopyrite Layers Grown by the Closed Space Sublimation",
    abstract = "AgGaTe2, AgAlTe2, CuGaTe2, and Ag(Ga,Al)Te2 layers were deposited by the close spaced sublimation method. The surface morphology and crystal quality of these Te-based chalcopyrite layers were systematically evaluated. Controlling the stoichiometry of these layers grown by the closed space sublimation was very difficult because Te preferentially detached from the source materials during the sublimation process and then Te vapor leaked out from the reactor. To solve this problem, the gap between the lid and reactor boat was minimized, and the vapor was encapsulated. As a result, the crystal quality of the AgGaTe2 and AgAlTe2 was improved. However, the controlling stoichiometry of CuGaTe2 remained difficult even after the Te vapor leakage was minimized. This behavior was attributed to the large vapor pressure difference between Cu and Te. The surface morphology of the grown AgGaTe2 and CuGaTe2 layers exhibited scattered grain structure, while that of AgAlTe2 possessed a continuous film structure. These different surface structures contributed to differing wettability between the chalcopyrite materials and substrates. It was found that AgAlTe2 exhibited a high wettability against a sapphire substrate, which promoted continuous film formation.",
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    author = "Aya Uruno and Yohei Sakurakawa and Masakazu Kobayashi",
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    AU - Sakurakawa, Yohei

    AU - Kobayashi, Masakazu

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